Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

"Online First" included
Approved and published publications
Only approved publications

40080 Publications

Consequences of neutron-proton interaction on backbending

Frauendorf, S.; Sheikh, A.; Rowley, N.

  • Physical Review C 50 (1994) pp. 196

Publ.-Id: 667

The response of a large CsI(Tl) detector particles and heavy ions in the intermediate energy range

Fomichev, A. S.; David, I.; Lukyanov, S. M.; Penionzhkevich, Y. E.; Skobelev, N. K.; Tarasov, O. B.; Matthies, A.; Ortlepp, H.-G.; Wagner, W.; Lewitowicz, M.; Saint-Laurent, M. G.; u. a.

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 344 (1994) pp. 378

Publ.-Id: 666

High-lying three-quasiparticle bans and signature splitting in 81Rb

Döring, J.; Schwengner, R.; Funke, L.; Rotter, H.; Winter, G.; Cederwall, B.; Lidén, F.; Johnson, A.; Atac, A.; Nyberg, J.; Sletten, G.

  • Physical Review C 50 (1994) pp. 1845

Publ.-Id: 665

Long-time behavior of the semiclassical baker's map

Dittes, F.-M.; Doron, E.; Smilansky, U.

  • Physical Review E 49 (1994) pp. R963

Publ.-Id: 664

Interpretation of bands in 163Er within the tilted rotation scheme

Brockstedt, A.; Lytkens-Lindén, J.; Bergström, M.; Eckström, L. P.; Ryde, H.; Barcelar, J. C.; Garrett, J. D.; Hagemann, G. B.; Herskind, B.; May, F. R.; Tjom, P. O.; Frauendorf, S.

  • Nuclear Physics A 571 (1994) pp. 337

Publ.-Id: 663

Dielectron production as a probe for nuclear exotic states and nuclear interactions at intermediate energies

Bratkovskaya, E. L.; Titov, A. I.; Kämpfer, B.

  • Book (Authorship)
    "Hadrons and Nuclei from QCD" World Scientific Singapore, New Jersey, London, Hong Kong (1994) pp. 1

Publ.-Id: 662

Hadron sources of the lepton pair production in proton-deuteron interaction at the initial energies 1-5 GeV

Bratkovskaya, E. L.; Kämpfer, B.; Molochkov, A. V.; Reznik, B. L.; Titov, A. I.

  • Jadernaja fizika 57 (1994) pp. 924

Publ.-Id: 661

Flavour-kinetic model for particle production in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Barz, H.-W.; Friman, B. L.; Knoll, J.; Schulz, H.

  • Book (Authorship)
    "Statistical Description of Transport in Plasma, Astro- and Nuclear Physics" Nova Science Publishers, Inc., 1994, pp. 407

Publ.-Id: 660

"Sears bands" in 199Pb and 200Pb

Baldsiefen, G.; Hübel, H.; Korten, W.; Willsau, P.; Grawe, H.; Heese, J.; Kluge, H.; Maier, K. H.; Schubart, R.; Frauendorf, S.; Maier, H. J.

  • Nuclear Physics A 574 (1994) pp. 521

Publ.-Id: 659

Temporal and thermal properties of intermediate-mass fragments from teh 32S + 58Ni reaction at 30 A MeV

Tutay, A.; Budzanowski, A.; Fuchs, H.; Homeyer, H.; Pausch, G.; Schwarz, C.; Siwek, A.; Taymaz, A.

  • Acta Physica Polonica B 26 (1995) pp. 1413

Publ.-Id: 658

K- - meson production in proton-nucleus collisions

Sibirtsev, A.; Büscher, M.; Müller, H.; Schneidereit, C.

K- - meson production in proton-nucleus interactions at projectile energies up to 15 GeV is studied. As a first step the available data on K- - meson production in pp interactions are compared with different parametrizations and results of model calculations. Because of considerable uncertainties in the current descriptions of the energy dependence of the elementary K- cross section a new parametrization is suggested. Experimental data on K- production in pA collisions are analyzed in the framework of the Rossendorf-Collision and folding models. Satisfactory descriptions of the momentum spectra at forward angles are achieved. From an analysis of the A dependence it can be concluded that K- mesons are well suided to investigate final-state interactions for particles interacting strongly with the residual nucleus. Furthermore, we propose experimental studies on K- production close to threshold. Such measurements are particularly sensitive to contributions from secondary processes or from multi-nucleon interactions.

  • Zeitschrift für Physik A 351 (1995) pp. 333

Publ.-Id: 657

Plans for investigations of subthreshold K+ production in p+A collisions

Schult, O. W. B.; Sistemich, K.; Koptev, V.; Müller, H.; Cassing, W.; Jarczyk, L.; Komarov, V. I.; Sibirtsev, A.; Ernst, J.; Santo, R.; Nioradze, M.; Kulikov, A. V.; Hardt, A.; Dshemuchadse, S.; Leege, K.-W.; u. a.

We plan to investigate sub-threshold K+ production in proton bombardment of atomic nuclei in order to study the reaction mechanism through a measurement of the double differential cross section and of K+ p and K+ d coincides. The status of the theoretical studies is summarized, and the spectrometer to be installed in the COSY ring is briefly described.

  • Nuclear Physics A 583 (1995) pp. 629

Publ.-Id: 656

In-beam spectroscopy and shell model structure of the neutron deficient 103In and 100, 102Cd

Schubart, R.; Grawe, H.; Górska, M.; Fitzgerald, J. B.; Heese, J.; Kluge, H.; Maier, K. H.; Rejmund, M.; Schramm, M.; Severyniak, D.; Spohr, K.; Käubler, L.

  • Physica Scripta T56 (1995) pp. 311

Publ.-Id: 655

Electromagnetic fission of 238U at 600 and 1000 MeV per nucleon

Rubehn, T.; Müller, W. F. J.; Bassini, R.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; Blaich, T.; Ferrero, A.; Gross, C. J.; Immé, G.; Iori, I.; Kunde, G. J.; Kunze, I.; Lindenstruth, V.; Lynen, U.; Zwieglinski, B.; u. a.

  • Zeitschrift für Physik A 353 (1995) pp. 197

Publ.-Id: 654

The FOPI Detector at SIS/GSI

Ritman, J. L.

  • Nuclear Physics B (Proc. Suppl.) 44 (1995) pp. 708

Publ.-Id: 653

On the transverse momentum distribution of strange hadrons produced in relativistic heavy ion collisions

Ritman, J. L.; Herrmann, N.; Best, D.; Alard, J. P.; Amouroux, V.; Bastid, N.; Belayev, I. M.; Berger, L.; Biegansky, J.; Buta, A.; Caplar, R.; Cindro, N.; Coffin, J. P.; Crochet, P.; Dona, R.; Wohlfarth, D.; u. a.

  • Zeitschrift für Physik A 352 (1995) pp. 355

Publ.-Id: 652

Sideward flow in Au + Au collisions at 400 A MeV

Ramillien, V.; Dupieux, P.; Alard, J. P.; Amouroux, V.; Bastid, N.; Berger, L.; Boussange, S.; Fraysse, L.; Ibnouzahir, M.; Montarou, G.; Montbel, I.; Pras, P.; Basrak, Z.; Belayev, I. M.; u. a.

  • Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) pp. 802

Publ.-Id: 651

Evidence for collective expansion in light-particle emission following Au + Au collisions at 100, 150 and 250 A MeV

Poggi, G.; Pasquali, G.; Bini, M.; Maurenzig, P.; Olmi, A.; Taccetti, N.; Alard, J. P.; Amouroux, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Belayev, I. M.; Berger, L.; Blaich, T.; Boussange, S.; u. a.

  • Nuclear Physics A 586 (1995) pp. 755

Publ.-Id: 650

Probing the nuclear liquid-gas phase transition

Pochodzalla, J.; Möhlenkamp, T.; Rubehn, T.; Schüttauf, A.; Wörner, A.; Zude, E.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; Blaich, T.; Emling, H.; Ferrero, A.; Gross, C. J.; Immé, G.; Iori, I.; u. a.

  • Physical Review Letters 75 (1995) pp. 1040

Publ.-Id: 649

Multifragmentation and flow: peripheral vs. central collisions

Pochodzalla, J.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; Blaich, T.; Bowman, D. R.; Charity, R. J.; Cosmo, A.; Ferrero, A.; Gelbke, C. K.; Hsi, W. C.; Hubele, J.; Immé, G.; Iori, I.; u. a.

  • Nuclear Physics A 583 (1995) pp. 553

Publ.-Id: 648

Cluster formation during expansion of hot and compressed nuclear matter produced in central collisions of Au on Au at 250 A MeV

Petrovici, M.; Buta, A.; Alard, J. P.; Amouroux, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Berger, L.; Blaich, T.; Wohlfarth, D.; u. a.

  • Physical Review Letters 74 (1995) pp. 5001

Publ.-Id: 647

Study of high-spin states in 181,182Os

Kutasarova, T.; Lieder, R. M.; Schnare, H.; Hebbinghaus, G.; Balabanski, D.; Gast, W.; Krämer-Flecken, A.; Bentley, M. A.; Fallon, P.; Howe, D.; Mokhtar, A. R.; Frauendorf, S.

  • Nuclear Physics A 587 (1995) pp. 111

Publ.-Id: 646

Fragment flow and the multifragmentation phase space

Kunde, G. J.; Hsi, W. C.; Kunze, W. D.; Schüttauf, A.; Wörner, A.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; Blaich, T.; Bowman, D. R.; Charity, R. J.; Cosmo, A.; Ferrero, A.; Gelbke, C. K.; Hubele, J.; u. a.

  • Physical Review Letters 74 (1995) pp. 38

Publ.-Id: 645

Interplay of collective flow phenomena and velocity correlations of intermediate-mass fragments in collisions of Au + Au at E = (100-400) A MeV

Kotte, R.; Kämpfer, B.; Mösner, J.; Neubert, W.; Wohlfarth, D.; Alard, J. P.; Amouroux, V.; Basrak, Z.; Bastid, N.; Belayev, I. M.; Berger, L.; Blaich, T.; Boussange, S.; Buta, A.; Caplar, R.; Cerruti, C.; Cindro, N.; Coffin, J. P.; Dona, R.; Dupieux, P.; Erö, J.; Fan, Z. G.; Fintz, P.; Fodor, Z.; Fraysse, L.; Freifelder, R.; Frolov, S.; Gobbi, A.; Grigorian, Y.; Guillaume, G.; Herrmann, N.; Hildenbrand, K. D.; Hölbling, S.; Houari, O.; Ibnouzahir, M.; Jeong, S. C.; Jundt, F.; Kecskemeti, J.; Koncz, P.; Korchagin, Y.; Krämer, M.; Kuhn, C.; Legrand, I.; Lebedev, A.; Manko, V.; Matulewicz, T.; Mgebrishvili, G.; Moisa, D.; Montarou, G.; Montbel, I.; Pelte, D.; Petrovici, M.; Pras, P.; Rami, F.; Ramillien, V.; Reisdorf, W.; Sadchikov, A.; Schüll, D.; Seres, Z.; Sikora, B.; Simion, V.; Smolyankin, S.; Sodan, U.; Teh, K.; Tezkratt, R.; Trzaska, M.; Vasiliev, M. A.; Wagner, P.; Wessels, J. P.; Wienold, T.; Wilhelmi, Z.; Zhilin, A. V.

  • Physical Review C, Vol. 51, Number 5, May 1995, pp. 2686-2699

Publ.-Id: 644

"Shears Bands" in Pb nuclei - a new nuclear structure effect

Korten, W.; Baldsiefen, G.; Neffgen, M.; Hübel, H.; Chmel, S.; Pohler, W.; van Severen, U. J.; Willsau, P.; Frauendorf, S.; Meng, J.; Grawe, H.; Heese, J.; Kluge, H.; Maier, K. H.; Schubart, R.; Spohr, K.

  • Physica Scripta T56 (1995) pp. 44

Publ.-Id: 643

In-Beam Study of 109Sn

Käubler, L.; Prade, H.; Reif, J.; Schwengner, R.; Winter, G.; Grawe, H.; Heese, J.; Kluge, H.; Maier, K. H.; Schubart, R.; Spohr, K.

In-beam spectroscopic investigations of 109Sn have been performed
using the reactions 55Mn(58Ni,3pn) and 106Cd(alpha,n)
with E58Ni= 240 MeV and Ealpha=23 MeV, respectively.
An extended level scheme of 109Sn is presemted showing high-spin
states up to Ex ca. 8 MeV with Jpi=(41/2+).
The problem of the 109Sn ground state has been solved identifying
a 12.8 keV transition deexciting the 7/2+ state to the 5/2+
g.s. A half-life of T1/2=7(1) ns has been measured for
the 17/2+ state at Ex=2114 keV. The experimental
data are compared with the predictions of shell-model calculations.

  • Physica Scripta T56 (1995) pp. 266

Publ.-Id: 642

The proton g9/2 isomer in the N=50 nucleus 87Rb and M2 transition rates in 85,87Rb

Käubler, L.; Protochristov, C.; Michailova, M.; Reif, J.; Andrejtscheff, W.; Funke, L.; Kostova, L.; Prade, H.; Schwengner, R.; Winter, G.

ow-lying states of the N=50 nucleus 87Rb have been investigated
in the (alpha, alpha') reaction measuring gamma gamma- and delayed gamma-rf-coincidences.
A half-life of T1/2=6(1) ns was obtained for the level at 1578.1
keV. This experimental result confirms the 9/2+ assignement
and the proton 1g9/2 single-particle character of this state.
Experimental M2 transition strengths in 85,87Rb are compared
with predictions of the shell model and the particle-core coupling mwodel.

  • Zeitschrift für Physik A 352 (1995) pp. 127

Publ.-Id: 641

High-spin states in 109Sn and their decay to the ground state

Käubler, L.; Prade, H.; Reif, J.; Schwengner, R.; Winter, G.; Grawe, H.; Heese, J.; Kluge, H.; Maier, K. H.; Schubart, R.; Spohr, K.

An extended level scheme of 109Sn is presented showing high-spin
states up to Ex ca. 8 MeV and spins up to Jpi=(41/2+).
Their decay to the 5/2+ ground state has been observed identifying
a 12.8 keV 7/2+ -> 5/2+ transition. A half life of
T1/2=7(1) ns has been measured for the 17/2+ state
at Ex=2114 keV. The experimental data are compared with the
predictions of shell-model calculations.

  • Zeitschrift für Physik A 351 (1995) pp. 123

Publ.-Id: 640

Matwej Bronstein und die Anfänge der Quantengravitation

Gorelik, G.; Rotter, H.

  • Physikalische Blätter 51 (1995) pp. 423

Publ.-Id: 639

Entropy in central Au + Au reactions beetween 100 and 400 A MeV

Dzelalija, M.; Kotte, R.; Mösner, J.; Neubert, W.; Wohlfarth, D.; u. a.

  • Physical Review C 52 (1995) pp. 346

Publ.-Id: 638

Low-spin termination of the superdeformed band in 135Nd

Deleplanque, M. A.; Frauendorf, S.; Clark, D. L.; Diamond, R. M.; Stephens, F. S.; Becker, J. A.; Brinkmann, M. J.; Cederwall, B.; Fallon, P.; Farris, L. P.; Henry, E. A.; Hubel, H.; Hughes, J. R.; Korten, W.; Lee, I. Y.; Macchiavelli, A. O.; Stoyer, M. A.; Willsau, P.; Draper, J. E.; Duyar, C.; Rubel, E.

  • Physical Review C 52 (1995) pp. R2302

Publ.-Id: 637

Multifragmentation of spectators in relativistic heavy-ion reactions

Botvina, A. S.; Mishustin, I. N.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; Hubele, J.; Immé, G.; Iori, I.; Kreutz, P.; Kunde, G. J.; Kunze, W. D.; Lindenstruth, V.; Lynen, U.; Moroni, A.; Müller, W. F. J.; Ogilvie, C. A.; Pochodzalla, J.; Raciti, G.; Rubehn, T.; Sann, H.; Schüttauf, A.; Seidel, W.; Trautmann, W.; Wörner, A.

  • Nuclear Physics A 584 (1995) pp. 737-756

Publ.-Id: 636

Shears bands in 201Pb and 202Pb

Baldsiefen, G.; Maagh, P.; Hübel, H.; Korten, W.; Chmel, S.; Neffgen, M.; Pohler, W.; Grawe, H.; Maier, K. H.; Spohr, K.; Schubart, R.; Frauendorf, S.; Maier, H. J.

  • Nuclear Physics A 592 (1995) pp. 365

Publ.-Id: 635

Mining Relics as Sources of Natural Radioactivity - Release of Radon from Uranium Mill Tailings

Baraniak, L.; Mende, A.

  • Book (Authorship)
    Hrsg.: Winter, M., Wicke, A., "Umweltradioaktivität, Radioökologie und Strahleneinwirkungen" Verlag TÜV Rheinland, 1 (1993) pp. 76

Publ.-Id: 634

Characterisation of Oxide Layers Formed by Hydrothermal Chromate Treatment

Thieme, M.

  • Corros. Sci. 34 (1993) pp. 1557

Publ.-Id: 633

Transformation of Titanium Carbide Precipitations under Hydrothermal Conditions

Thieme, M.; Scharnweber, D.; Stephan, T.

  • Corros. Sci. 34 (1993) pp. 383

Publ.-Id: 632

The Hydrothermal Chromate Treatment of Carbon Steel. The Electrochemical and Surface Analytical Characterisation of Protecting Oxide Layers

Thieme, M.; Scharnweber, D.

  • Corros. Sci. 34 (1993) pp. 363

Publ.-Id: 631

Degradation of 3,3',4,4'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl by selected white rot fungi

Vyas, B. R. M.; Sasek, V.; Matucha, M.; Bubner, M.

  • Chemosphere 28 (1994) 6 pp. 1127-34

Publ.-Id: 630

The effects of radiolysis upon speciation and solubility of neptunium in brine solutions

Silber, H. B.; Nitsche, H.; Gatti, R. C.; Gehmecker, H.; Feige, G.; Bucher, J. J.; Edelstein, N. M.

  • Radiochimica Acta 66/67 (1994) pp. 15

Publ.-Id: 629

Near-threshold behavior of the K-shell satellites in CO

Reich, T.; Heimann, P. A.; Petersen, B. L.; Hudson, E. A.; Hussain, Z.; Shirley, D. A.

  • Physical Review A 49 (1994) 6 pp. 4570-77

Publ.-Id: 628

Long term plutonium solubility and speciation studies in a synthetic brine

Nitsche, H.; Roberts, K.; Xi, R.; Prussin, T. G.; Becraft, I.; Mahamid, A.; Silber, H. B.; Carpenter, S. A.; Gatti, R. C.

  • Radiochimica Acta 66/67 (1994) pp. 3

Publ.-Id: 627

Comparison of chemical extractions and laser photoacoustic spectroscopy for the determination of plutonium species in carbonate solution

Neu, M. P.; Hoffmann, D. C.; Roberts, K.; Nitsche, H.; Silva, R. J.

  • Radiochimica Acta 66/67 (1994) pp. 251

Publ.-Id: 626

Structural Investigations on Pyrolysed Polycarbosilanes

Martin, H. P.; Irmer, G.; Schuster, G.; Müller, E.

  • Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 349 (1994) pp. 160

Publ.-Id: 625

Thermochromatographic studies of heavy actinides in metal columns

Hübener, S.; Eichler, B.; Gäggeler, H. W.

  • Journal of Alloys and Compounds 213/214 (1994) pp. 429

Publ.-Id: 624

Toward a soft x-ray fourier-transform spectrometer

Howells, M. R.; Frank, K.; Hussain, Z.; Moler, E. J.; Reich, T.; Möller, D.; Shirley, D. A.

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 347 (1994) pp. 182-191

Publ.-Id: 623

Neutron and X-Ray Investigations on the Oxygen Bonding in YBa2Cu3O7-x combined with Physico-chemical Methods

Große, M.; Schuster, G.; Teske, K.; Anwand, W.; Henkel, K.

  • Fresenius' Journal of Analytical Chemistry 349 (1994) pp. 231-233

Publ.-Id: 622

Distribution of uranium and radionuclides in a uranium-mining rockpile in Schlema, Saxony, Germany

Geipel, G.; Thieme, M.; Bernhard, G.; Nitsche, H.

Publ.-Id: 621

Synthesis of the 14C-labelled juwenoid W 328

Ebert, T.; Havlicek, L.; Wimmer, Z.; Bubner, M.

  • Journal of Labelled Compounds and Radiopharmaceuticals XXXIV, 377 (1994)

Publ.-Id: 620

Operating and strategy for the decommissioning of the radiochemical plant AMOR-I

Bernhard, G.; Friedrich, H.-J.; Boeßert, W.; Eckardt, A.

  • Kerntechnik 59 (1994) 3 pp.135

Publ.-Id: 619

Thermochromatographic Studies of Oxide and Hydroxide Species of Molybdenum - Model Experiments with Respect to the Physico-chemical Characterization of Element 106

Vahle, A.; Hübener, S.; Eichler, B.

  • Radiochimica Acta 69 (1995) pp. 233

Publ.-Id: 618

Environmental Applications of XANES: Speciation of Tc in Cement after Chemical Treatment and Se after Bacterial Uptake

Shuh, D. K.; Kaltsoyannis, N.; Bucher, J. J.; Edelstein, N. M.; Clark, D. L.; Nitsche, H.; Reich, T.; Hudson, E. A.; Mahamid, A.; Torretto, P.; Lukens, W. W.; Roberts, K.; Yee, B. C.; Carlson, D. E.; Yee, A.; Buchanan, B. B.; Leighton, T.; Yang, W.-S.; Bryan, J. C.

  • Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 344 (1995)

Publ.-Id: 617

X-Ray Photoelectron Study of the Interaction of UO2(CIO4)2 with Calcite Diabase Minerals in Water Solutions

Teterin, Y. A.; Nefedov, V. I.; Ivanov, K. E.; Baev, A. S.; Geipel, G.; Reich, T.; Nitsche, H.

  • Dokl. Akademii Nauk 344 (1995) pp. 206 (in Russian)
  • Surface Investigations 13, 613 (1998)

Publ.-Id: 616

Synchrotron X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy: a New Tool for Actinide and Lanthanide Speciation in Solids and Solution

Nitsche, H.

  • Journal Alloys and Compounds 223 (1995) pp. 274

Publ.-Id: 615

Silicon Carbide Derived from Silica Sol and Sugar

Martin, H. P.; Müller, E.; Knoll, Y.; Strienitz, R.; Schuster, G.

  • Journal of Materials Science Letters 14 (1995) pp. 620

Publ.-Id: 614

A XANES and EXAFS Investigation of the Speciation of Selenite following Bacterial Metabolization

Buchanan, B. B.; Bucher, J. J.; Carlson, D. E.; Edelstein, N. M.; Hudson, E. A.; Kaltsoyannis, N.; Leighton, T.; Lukens, W. W.; Shuh, D. K.; Nitsche, H.; Reich, T.; Roberts, K.; Torretto, P.; Woicik, J.; Yang, W.-S.; Yee, A.; Yee, B. C.

  • Inorganic Chemistry 34 (1995) pp. 1617

Publ.-Id: 613

Complexation of plutonium(V) with nitrilotracetic acid

Mahamid, A.; Becraft, I.; Nitsche, H.

  • Radiochimica Acta 68 (1995) pp. 63

Publ.-Id: 612

Electronic and Structural Investigations of Technetium Compounds by X-ray Absorption Spectroscopy

Mahamid, A.; Bryan, J. C.; Bucher, J. J.; Burrell, A. K.; Edelstein, N. M.; Hudson, E. A.; Kaltsoyannis, N.; Lukens, W. W.; Shuh, D. K.; Nitsche, H.; Reich, T.

  • Inorganic Chemistry 34 (1995) pp. 193

Publ.-Id: 611

Multinuclear NMR, Raman, EXAFS, and X-ray diffraction studies of uranyl carbonate complexes in near-neutral aqueous solution. X-ray structure of [C(NH2)3]6[(UO2)3(CO3)6].cntdot.6.5H2O

Allen, P. G.; Bucher, J. J.; Clark, D. L.; Edelstein, N. M.; Ekberg, S. A.; Gohdes, J. W.; Hudson, E. A.; Kaltsoyannis, N.; Lukens, W. W.; Neu, M. P.; Palmer, P. D.; Reich, T.; Shuh, D. K.; Tait, C. D.; Zwick, B. D.

Publ.-Id: 610

Theoretische Modellierung des Druckbehälters und der Druckbehältereinbauten eines Siedewasserreaktors (SWR), Abschlußbericht

Altstadt, E.; Scheffler, M.; Weiß, F.-P.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-147 (nur für den internen dienstlichen Gebrauch), August 1996
    ISSN: 1436-3976

Publ.-Id: 609

Modifizierung mechanischer und korrosiver Oberflächeneigenschaften von Magnesium durch Ionenimplantation

Chudoba, T.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-143 (Dissertation an der Fakultät Mathematik und Naturwissenschaften der TU Dresden)
    ISSN: 1436-3976


Publ.-Id: 608

Synthesis of "3+1"-mixed-ligand oxorhenium(V) complexes containing modified 3,17ß-Estradiol

Wüst, F.; Spies, H.; Johannsen, B.

  • Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 6 (1996) 22 pp.2729-2734

Publ.-Id: 607

Layered structure diagnostic and optical modelling of c-BN

Plass, M.; Fukarek, W.; Kolitsch, A.; Möller, W.

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 127/128 (1997) 857

Publ.-Id: 606

The nuclear liquid-gas phase transition: Present status and future perspectives

Pochodzalla, J.; Immé, G.; u. a.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; u. a.; Möhlenkamp, T.; Seidel, W.; Kunze, W. D.; Schüttauf, A.; Kunde, G. J.; u. a.; Bassini, R.; u. a.; Trzcinski, A.; Zwieglinski, B.

  • Other report

Publ.-Id: 605

LAST MINUTE FROM ALADIN: Temperature measurements in Au+Au reactions at relativistic energies

Immé, G.; u. a.; Begemann-Blaich, M.; u. a.; Möhlenkamp, T.; Seidel, W.; Kunze, W. D.; Schüttauf, A.; Pochodzalla, J.; Kunde, G. J.; Gaff, S.; Bassini, R.; u. a.; Trzcinski, A.; Zwieglinski, B.

  • Other report
    GSI-Preprint-96-30, Juli 1996

Publ.-Id: 604

Determination of critical exponents in nuclear systems

Müller, W. F. J.; u. a.; Bassini, R.; u. a.; Blaich, T.; Immé, G.; u. a.; Kunze, W. D.; u. a.; Möhlenkamp, T.; Seidel, W.; Trzcinski, A.; u. a.

  • Other report

Publ.-Id: 603

Universaly of Spectator Fragmentation at Relativistic Bombarding Energies

Schüttauf, A.; u. a.; Kunze, W. D.; u. a.; Blaich, T.; Bowman, D. R.; u. a.; Charity, R. J.; u. a.; Cosmo, A.; u. a.; Ferrero, A.; u. a.; Immé, G.; u. a.; Möhlenkamp, T.; Seidel, W.; Trzcinski, A.; u. a.

  • Other report
    GSI-Preprint-96-26, Juni 1996
  • Nuclear Physics A 607 (1996) pp. 457-486

Publ.-Id: 602

Focused ion beam system with high current density

Bischoff, L.; Hesse, E.; Janssen, D.; Naehring, F.; Nötzold, F.; Schmidt, G.; Teichert, J.

The project of the IMSA-100 focused ion beam system is presented. The main goal of the system is to archieve an ion current density > 10 A/cm2. The ion-optical column consists of a liquid metal ion source, two electrostatic lences, beam blanking plates, and two octupole stigmators. A lithium ion source has been developed.

  • Microelectronic Engineering 13 (1991) pp. 367-370

Publ.-Id: 601

High current FIB system for micromechanics application

Bischoff, L.; Hesse, E.; Hofmann, G.; Naehring, F.; Probst, W.; Schmidt, B.; Teichert, J.

A high current Focused Ion Beam (FIB) system, designd to achieve current dendities above 10 A/cm2 is presented. The system parameters and properties are discussed and first applications in the field of micromechanics are shown.

Publ.-Id: 600

Measurement of the cerebral uptake and meta-bolism of L-6-[18F]Fluoro-3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (18FDOPA) in newborn piglets

Brust, P.; Bauer, R.; Bergmann, R.; Walter, B.; Steinbach, J.; Füchtner, F.; Will, E.; Linnemann, H.; Obert, M.; Zwiener, U.; Johannsen, B.

  • Book (Authorship)
    Neurochemistry: Cellular, Molecular, and Clinical Aspects, Book Article, Plenum Publishing Cooperation, Section 43: PET Imaging of Receptors;1149-1155

Publ.-Id: 599

A new type of band crossing at large deformation

Harder, A.; Dönau, F.; Lieb, K. P.; Cunningham, R. A.; Gelletly, W.; Gross, C. J.; Hannachi, F.; Kabadiyski, M. K.; Roth, H. A.; Rudolph, D.; Simpson, J.; Skeppstedt, Ö.; Varley, B. J.; Warner, D. D.

  • Physics Letters B 374 (1996) pp. 277-282

Publ.-Id: 597

Optimization on Rugged Landscapes: A New General Purpose Monte Carlo Approach

Dittes, F.-M.

  • Physical Review Letters 76 (1996) 25 pp. 4651-55

Publ.-Id: 596

First Observation of the Scissors Mode in a Gamma-Soft Nucleus: The Case of 196Pt

von Brentano, P.; Eberth, J.; Enders, J.; Esser, L.; Herzberg, R.-D.; Huxel, N.; Meise, H.; von Neumann-Cosel, P.; Nicolay, N.; Pietralla, N.; Prade, H.; Reif, J.; Richter, A.; Schlegel, C.; Schwengner, R.; Skoda, S.; Thomas, H. G.; Wiedenhöver, I.; Winter, G.; Zilges, A.

A nuclear resonance fluorescence experiment with one of the newly developed
highly efficient EUROBALL cluster detectors has been performed on the gamma-soft
nucleus 196Pt. Magnetic dipole excitations were observed between
2 and 3.5 MeV excitation energiy. They are interpreted as the main fragments
of the scissors mode based on the measured excitation strengths and branching
ratios. A strong gamma decay, which we believe to be an E2 decay of the
scissors mode to the 21 + state, is observed. It allows
an extraction of the effective boson quadrupole charges in the interacting
boson model.

Publ.-Id: 595

Bericht der Frühjahrstagung der Studiengruppe für Elektronische Instrumentierung vom 25. bis 27. März 1996 in Karlsruhe

Gabriel, F.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-141
    ISSN: 1436-3976


Publ.-Id: 594

Plasma source ion implantation of oxygen and nitrogen in aluminum

Günzel, R.; Wieser, E.; Richter, E.; Steffen, H. J.

  • Journal of Vacuum Science and Technology Part B 12 (1994) 2

Publ.-Id: 593

Added Stiffness Relating to Small Motions of Two Concentric Cylinders Submitted to Axial Annular Incompressible Flow

Zoller, J.

Axial incompressible, viscous flow is considered in an annular gap between two rigid cylinders. If the cylinders are displaced from their concentric positions in a certain manner, the displacement will cause reaction forces exerted by the fluid pressure. In this investigation the pressure fluctuations caused by the displacement of the structures are approximated by analytical means. Pressure fluctuations in phase with acceleration and velocity of the structure are not calculated here. Stationary flow is considered, because structural displacements are assumed to be small.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-146 August 1996
    ISSN: 1436-3976


Publ.-Id: 592

Schwankungen des Massenstroms bei Druckentlastungsvorgängen

Lucas, D.; Prasser, H.-M.

Bei der linearen Stabilitätsanalyse des Abblaseprozesses aus Druckbehältern mit zweiphasigem, aufwallendem Medium wurden Instabilitätsbereiche mit starken Massenstrompulsationen in der Abblaseleitung gefunden. Entscheidender Mechanismus ist die Rückkopplung zwischen Gemischspiegelschwankung, kritischer Ausströmrate und Druckabfallgeschwindigkeit. Für die Stabilitätsanalyse wurden analytische Modelle zur Beschreibung des šbertragungsverhaltens aufgestellt. Es wurden Nyquist-Diagramme für verschiedene Parameterkombinationen untersucht und so die Instabilitätsbereiche identifiziert. Die Schwingneigung wird durch hohe Gasgehalte an der Entlastungsarmatur, eine große Verzögerungszeit (Länge der Abblaseleitung) und geringe Höhen der Schaumzone befördert.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    3. Fachtagung "Anlagen-, Arbeits- und Umweltsicherheit", Köthen, 7.-8.11.1996
  • Contribution to proceedings
    3. Fachtagung "Anlagen-, Arbeits- und Umweltsicherheit", Köthen, 7.-8.11.1996, Preprints, S. 233-240

Publ.-Id: 591

Investigations of an externally heated storage vessel

Aszodi, A.; Liewers, P.; Krepper, E.; Prasser, H.-M.

Storage tanks for fluids are widely used industrial facilities. As a consequence of an external fire, the heat-up of the inventory may lead to the evaporation of the liquid and to release of significant quantities of dangerous gases into the environment. Experimental investigations performed in FZ-Rossendorf have shown that the liquid inventory behaves very differently depending on the mode of heating. Bottom heating leads to an irregular thermoconvective motion of the liquid, which causes good mixing, so that saturation is reached at all places inside the tank approximately at the same time. The maximum enthalpy of the liquid always remains close to the average value. If the vessel is heated from the side, a stable temperature stratification is observed leading to large temperature gradients. Evaporation can start much earlier than the average temperature reaches saturation.
In order to clarify the physical nature of the details of the heating-up and the evaporation process in simple geometrical boundary conditions a two-dimensional mathematical model was developed, which includes also evaporation and two-phase flow. The aim of the simulations was, to understand the basic phenomena observed during the experiment.
To avoid fast temperature increase at the fluid surface in the case of side wall heating, the insertion of baffle plates inside the vessel was investigated by additional calculations using the CFD-code CFX-4.

  • Poster
    3. Fachtagung "Anlagen-, Arbeits- und Umweltsicherheit", Köthen, 7.-8.11.1996, Tagungsband S.251 - 258
  • Contribution to proceedings
    3. Fachtagung "Anlagen-, Arbeits- und Umweltsicherheit", Köthen, 7.-8.11.1996, Tagungsband S.251 - 258

Publ.-Id: 590

Anwendung neuronaler Netze zur Identifizierung gefährlicher Betriebszustände in Chemieanlagen

Hessel, G.; Schmitt, W.; van der Vorst, K.; Weiß, F.-P.

  • Other report
    Preprint - GVC / VDI Fachtagung in Köthen, 7. - 8. November 1996, S. 141-147

Publ.-Id: 589

Thermal dilepton and open charm signals versus hard initial yields in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies

Kämpfer, B.; Pavlenko, O. P.

The hard initial production of open charm and dileptons is compared with possible thermal signals in heavy-ion collisions at RHIC and LHC energies. Our approach is based on the perturbative QCD mini-jet mechanism of quark-gluon matter formation. The thermal dilepton signal is found to rise much stronger as compared to the hard Drell - Yan background with increasing collider energy and clearly dominates at LHC energy. Oppositely, open charm stems from initial hard production. A possible rnanifestation of gluon shadowing at RHIC and LHC energies is discussed.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-144 Preprint
    ISSN: 1436-3976
  • Physics Letters B 391 (1997) pp. 185-190


Publ.-Id: 588

Retropane - a new Rhenium-Complex as a potential Ligand to label the Dopamin-Transporter

Hoepping, A.; Spies, H.; Johannsen, B.

  • Bioorganic and Medicinal Chemistry Letters 6 (1996) 23 pp. 2871-2874

Publ.-Id: 587

Technetium and Rhenium Complexes with Thioether Ligands, 5 Synthesis and Structural Characterization of Neutral Oxorhenium (V) Complexes with Tridentate Dithioethers

Pietzsch, H.-J.; Reisgys, M.; Spies, H.; Leibnitz, P.; Johannsen, B.

  • Chemische Berichte, Recueil 1997, 130, 357-361

Publ.-Id: 586

Comparison of measured and calculated dose for plasma source ion implantation into 3-D objects

Mändl, S.; Barradas, N.; Brutscher, J.; Günzel, R.; Möller, W.

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 127/128 (1997) 996-999

Publ.-Id: 585

Pulsationen bei der Druckentlastung von Reaktoren

Lucas, D.

During two-phase blowdown from pressure vessels considerable pulsations of the discharged mass flow rate were found. Regions of instability were predicted by a linear stability analysis. The oscillations are caused by the following feedback circuit: boil up - level movement - void fraction of the discharging mixture - critical discharge rate - velocity of pressure decrease - boil up.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    ACHEMA '97, Frankfurt/M., 9.-14.6.1997

Publ.-Id: 583

Messung der Volumenströme Gas und Flüssigkeit in einer Zweiphasenströmung mit Ultraschall und Mustererkennung

Kossok, N.; Prasser, H.-M.; Schütz, P.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    Kraftwerkstechn. Kolloquium 1996, Dresden, 29.-30.10.96
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium, Dresden, 29. -30. Oktober 1996, Tagungsband S. 121

Publ.-Id: 582

Verhalten von Lagertanks bei externem Feuer

Krepper, E.; Aszodi, A.

Wenn ein zylindrischer Lagertank durch ein externes Feuer von der Seite intensiver Wärmeeinwirkung ausgesetzt ist, so setzt der Massenverlust infolge von Dampffreisetzung viel eher ein, als im Fall einer Wärmezuführung vom Behälterboden. Mittels eines vereinfachten Modells konnten die Details des Erwärmungsprozesses und die Ursachen für das unterschiedliche Verhalten in Abhängigkeit von der Art und Weise der Wärmezufuhr erklärt werden. Die ZUfuhr vom Boden führt zu einer irregulären thermischen Konvektion und damit einer guten Durchmischung des Fluids, so daß die Sättigungstemperatur an allen Punkten im Behälter nahezu gleichzeitig erreicht wird. Die maximale Enthalpie im Behälter verbleibt während der gesamten Zeit nahe dem Mittelwert. Wird der Behälter von der Seite beheizt, so bildet sich eine stabile horizontale Temperaturschichtung heraus. Die Bildung von Dampf erfolgt bereits lange bevor die mittlere Temperatur den Siedepunkt erreicht hat. Passive konstruktive Maßnahmen, wie der Einbau von Prallplatten, können die Schichtung stören, das verstärkte Aufheizen an der Oberfläche vermeiden und die Freisetzung von Dampf verzögern. Eine durchgreifende Vermischung des flüssigen Inhalts konnte jedoch nicht erreicht werden. Die genaue Gestalt und die Wirkung dieser Prallplatten hängt von der konkreten Behältergeometrie ab und läßt sich weiter optimieren.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    ACHEMA '97, Frankfurt/M., 9.-14.6.1997

Publ.-Id: 581

Untersuchung von Zweiphasenströmungen gasförmig / flüssig mit Positronenemittern

Hensel, F.

Die Methode der Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie (PET, Positron Emission Tomography) wird zur Untersuchung von Zweiphasenströmungen flüssig / gasförmig angewandt. PET ist ein bildgebendes Verfahren, das für die Nuklearmedizin entwickelt wurde. Im medizinischen Bereich wird diese Technik hauptsächlich als nichtinvasives Untersuchungsverfahren für die quantitative Erfassung von Stoffwechselvorgängen in-vivo genutzt. Die hier vorgestellten Untersuchungen zur Methodik der Anwendung von Radiotracern für Strömungsuntersuchungen wurden 1994 begonnen. Das Ziel der Arbeiten war die örtlich und zeitlich aufgelöste Erfassung von Vermischungs- und Transportprozessen sowie die Messung der Dichte von zweiphasigen Medien. Zur Dichtemessung wurde die Abhängigkeit der Positronenreichweite von der Dichte des Materials ausgenutzt. Bei den entsprechenden Experimenten kam eine örtlich fixierte Positronenquelle (45Ti) zum Einsatz. Desweiteren wurden Messungen zum Stofftransport in Blasenströmungen durchgeführt, hier wurden flüssige Tracer mit dem Nuklid 18F eingesetzt.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    XXVIII. Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium und 6. Kolloquium Meßtechnik für Energieanlagen 1996, Dresden, 29.-30.10.96
  • Contribution to proceedings
    in Kaiser, E.; Nöther, K. (Hrsg): Meßtechnik zur Untersuchung von Vorgängen in thermischen Energieanlagen. Tagung Dresden, 29./30. Oktober 1996. Beitragsmanuskripte Bd. 1 S. 101. ISBN 3-86005-168-7
  • Poster
    XXVIII. Kraftwerkstechnisches Kolloquium und 6. Kolloquium Meßtechnik für Energieanlagen 1996, Dresden, 29.-30.10.96

Publ.-Id: 580

Determination of Crack-Initiation Toughness by Impact and Dynamic Testing

Richter, H.; Böhmert, J.; Viehrig, H.-W.

The critical J-integral (Jid) can be useful as toughness parameter at initiation of stable crack growth. Under the condition of the impact bending test the critical step for evaluating of Jid is the detection of the crack initiation point on the impact load displacement curve. In this paper the crack initiation is determined by using emission of acoustic waves (AE). The experimental techniques used to evaluate Jid include both instrumented impact testing based on 300 J pendulum impact tester with a piezoelectric broadband AE sensor within the impact tup and dynamic 3 point bending loading with a servohydraulic test machine and additional AE sensors on the specimen.
Different kind of pulses of the AE signals can be observed. One of them corresponds with crack initiation. The evidence of initiation at this point was confirmed by single and multiple specimen methods.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    Proc. of the 11th European Conference on Fracture - ECF 11, Poitiers-Futurscope, France, Sept. 1996, Vol. III, pp. 2001 - 2006
  • Contribution to proceedings
    Proc. of the 11th European Conference on Fracture - ECF 11, Poitiers-Futurscope, France, Sept. 1996, Vol. III, pp. 2001 - 2006

Publ.-Id: 579


Grundmann, U.; Rohde, U.

The 3D core model DYN3D developed firstly for analyses of transients in thermal reactors with hexagonal fuel assemblies was extended by a new version DYN3D/R for reactors with quadratic fuel elements. The method used in Cartesian geometry is described. Numerical results for benchmarks as the NEACRP rod ejection benchmarks are compared with the reference solutions. Results of uncontrolled withdrawal of control rod bank are shown. The efficiency of steady-state neutronic calculation by using multiprocessor workstation is presented.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    Int. Conf. on Physics of Reactors, 16.-20.9.1996, Mito, Japan, Proceedings pp. J-70 - J-79
  • Contribution to external collection
    Int. Conf. on Physics of Reactors, 16.-20.9.1996, Mito, Japan, Proceedings pp. J-70 - J-79

Publ.-Id: 578

Preparation and Characterization of Novel Mixed-Ligand Complexes Bearing up to Four Ester Groups

Seifert, S.; Hoepping, A.; Klostermann, K.; Spies, H.; Johannsen, B.

  • Applied Radiation and Isotopes, 48 (1997) 943-948

Publ.-Id: 577

Diphoton rates from thermalized matter resulting in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions

Hentschel, M.; Kämpfer, B.; Pavlenko, O. P.; Redlich, K.; Soff, G.

Diphoton radiation off strongly interacting matter resulting from ultrarelativistic heavy-ion collisions is estimated for SPS and RHIC conditions. At SPS emrgies tha thermal diphoton signal competes strongly with the Drell - Yan like background. For given charged-particle rapidity density a scenario with deconfinement transition predicts a larger diphoton yield than a scenario without phase transition. For RHIC energies we find that radiation from initially undersaturated (but gluon-rich) deconfined matter overwhelms the hadron gas and the Drell - Yan like diphotons in the invariant mass window 1 < M < 2.5 GeW. Due to this the so-called M1 scaling is approximately obtained and can serve as additional tsol for discriminating radiation from quark-gluon matter.

  • Open Access Logo Forschungszentrum Rossendorf; FZR-142 Preprint
    ISSN: 1436-3976
  • Other report
    GSI-Preprint-96-37, August 1996
  • Z. Phys. C 75, 333-339 (1997)


Publ.-Id: 576

Can hexadecapole deformation lead to Delta I = 2 staggering in superdeformed bands?

Dönau, F.; Frauendorf, S.; Meng, J.

  • Physics Letters B 387(1996) pp. 667-672

Publ.-Id: 574

Abbau Polychlorierter Biphenyle (PCB) in Pflanzen und bei Kompostierungsprozessen - Untersuchungen mit [14C]PCB Nr. 77

Bubner, M.; Bock, C.; Kolb, M.; van Raaij, E.; Bruhn, G.; Heise, K.-H.; Nitsche, H.; Harms, H.; Förster, U.

  • Poster
    Gesellschaft Deutscher Chemiker, 7.-10.10.1996, Ulm

Publ.-Id: 573

Interaction of Uranium (VI) with Silicon Species in aqueous Solutions

Moll, H.; Geipel, G.; Reich, T.; Brendler, V.; Bernhard, G.; Nitsche, H.

  • Poster
    NRC4-Konferenz in St. Malo (Frankreich) 8.-13.9.1996

Publ.-Id: 572

Radium Sorption on Sandy and Clayey Sediments of the Upper Saxon Elbe River Valley

Baraniak, L.; Thieme, M.; Funke, H.; Bernhard, G.; Nindel, K.; Schreyer, J.; Nitsche, H.

The interaction of radium with characteristic sediments of the upper Saxon Elbe river valley was investigated with a two-fold aim: to provide key data for transport modelling within the framework of mining site restoration and to study the influence of barium-radium-sulfate coprecipitation on the radium adsorption behaviour. For this purpose sorption measurements were carried out on site-specific sediments (different kinds of sandstone, claystone and lime marl) using (1) original low-mineralized groundwater of this area, (2) typical acidic mine water coming from sulfuric acid residues of a former in-situ leaching process (~3 g/L SO42-, pH _ 2.5) and (3) groundwater which was contaminated by 2% mine water. The distribution ratios (Rd) were determined by batch experiments using an 8 weeks' equilibration at aquifer temperature (14C).

Radium sorption from pure and slightly contaminated groundwater onto limonite-rich turonian sandstone is characterized by relatively low distribution ratios (60-180 mL/g). When contacted with mine water, the sorption was enhanced by more than 20-fold compared to the pure and contaminated groundwaters. For the typical lime marl, the strongest sorption occured from the groundwater (390-520 mL/g) and a slightly reduced sorption took place from the acidic mine water.

In addition, the radium sorption was studied as a function of the Ba2+ and SO42- concentration. The results were discussed in terms of the ion product and the solubility product. Conclusions were drawn regarding the predominant sorption mechanisms: coprecipitation, surface complexation and ion exchange.

The long-term migration behaviour in the aquifers of the south-east Saxon Elbe basin was calculated on the basis of Hadermanns' equation, considering convection, dispersion, retardation and radioactive decay.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    4 th International Conference on Nuclear and Radiochemistry, Saint Malo, France, Sept.8-13, 1996

Publ.-Id: 571

Uranium (VI) Sulfate Complexation studied by Time-Resolved Laser-Induced Fluorescence Spectroscopy (TRLFS)

Geipel, G.; Brachmann, A.; Brendler, V.; Bernhard, G.; Nitsche, H.

  • Radiochimica Acta 75, 199-204 (1996)

Publ.-Id: 570

Nanometre-sized Silver Halides Entrapped in SiO2 Matrices

Matz, W.; Pham, T.; Mücklich, A.

The formation of nanocrystals after implantation of silver
alone as well as together with the halogen ions Cl, Br, and I into a SiO2
layer of about 100 nm was studied by X-ray diffraction and transmission
electron microscopy. The co-implantation of Ag and Cl/Br results in the
formation of cubic AgX-crystals which are stable in size under annealing.
The co-implantation of Ag and I as well as single Ag implantation result
in Ag crystallites, which grow under annealing. The annealing procedure
causes a redistribution of the particles within the layer.

  • Journal of Materials Science 33 (1998) 155-159

Publ.-Id: 569

Positronen-Emissions-Tomographie bei der Schwerionentherapie. Ein Verfahren zur in-situ Kontrolle der Tumorbehandlung mit Strahlen schwerer Ionen

Enghardt, W.

  • Physikalische Blätter 52 (1996) 9 pp. 874-875

Publ.-Id: 568

Radiation damage and annealing behaviour of Ge+ -implanted SiC

Pacaud, Y.; Stoemenos, J.; Brauer, G.; Yankov, R. A.; Heera, V.; Voelskow, M.; Kögler, R.; Skorupa, W.

In recent years, single crystal SiC has become an important electronic material due to its excellent physical and chemical properties. The present paper reports a study of the defect reduction and recrystallization during annealing of Ge+-implanted 6H-SiC. Implants have been performed at 200 keV with doses of 1x1014 and 1x1015 cm-2. Furnace annealing has been carried out at temperatures of 500 °C, 950 °C and 1500 °C. Three analytical techniques including Rutherford backscattering spectrometry in conjunction with channelling (RBS/C), positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) and cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (XTEM) have been employed for sample characterization. It has been shown that damage removal is more complicated than in ion-implanted Si. The recrystallization of amorphized SiC layers has been found to be unsatisfactory for temperatures up to 1500 °C. The use of ionbeam-induced epitaxial crystallization (IBIEC) has been more successfull as lattice regrowth, altough still imperfect, has been observed to occur at a temperature as low as 500 °C.

  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 120 (1996) 177-180

Publ.-Id: 567

Proximity gettering of copper in separation-by-implanted-oxygen structures

Yankov, R. A.; Hatzopoulos, N.; Skorupa, W.; Danilin, A.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    E-MRS, Spring Meeting, Strasbourg, France, 4-7 June 1996
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 120 (1996) 60

Publ.-Id: 566

A study of the blue photoluminescence emission from thermally-grown, Si+ -implanted SiO2 films after short-time annealing

Skorupa, W.; Yankov, R. A.; Rebohle, L.; Fröb, H.; Böhme, T.; Leo, K.; Tyschenko, I. E.; Kachurin, G. A.

Thermal SiO2 films have been implanted with Si+ ions using double-energy implants (200 + 100 keV) at a substrate temperature of about -20 °C to total doses in the range 1.6 x 1016 - 1.6 x 1017 cm-2 followed by short-time thermal processing, in order to form a Si nanostructure capable of yielding blue photoluminescence (PL). The intensity and the peak position of the PL band have been investigated as a function of ion dose, manner of heat treatment, anneal time and anneal temperature. For the formation
of blue PL emitting centres, optimum processing conditions in terms of excess Si concentration and overall thermal budget are mandatory. The nature of the observed blue emission is discussed.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    E-MRS, Spring Meeting, Strasbourg, France, June 4-7, 1996
  • Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 120 (1996)106

Publ.-Id: 565

Pages: [1.] [2.] [3.] [4.] [5.] [6.] [7.] [8.] [9.] [10.] [11.] [12.] [13.] [14.] [15.] [16.] [17.] [18.] [19.] [20.] [21.] [22.] [23.] [24.] [25.] [26.] [27.] [28.] [29.] [30.] [31.] [32.] [33.] [34.] [35.] [36.] [37.] [38.] [39.] [40.] [41.] [42.] [43.] [44.] [45.] [46.] [47.] [48.] [49.] [50.] [51.] [52.] [53.] [54.] [55.] [56.] [57.] [58.] [59.] [60.] [61.] [62.] [63.] [64.] [65.] [66.] [67.] [68.] [69.] [70.] [71.] [72.] [73.] [74.] [75.] [76.] [77.] [78.] [79.] [80.] [81.] [82.] [83.] [84.] [85.] [86.] [87.] [88.] [89.] [90.] [91.] [92.] [93.] [94.] [95.] [96.] [97.] [98.] [99.] [100.] [101.] [102.] [103.] [104.] [105.] [106.] [107.] [108.] [109.] [110.] [111.] [112.] [113.] [114.] [115.] [116.] [117.] [118.] [119.] [120.] [121.] [122.] [123.] [124.] [125.] [126.] [127.] [128.] [129.] [130.] [131.] [132.] [133.] [134.] [135.] [136.] [137.] [138.] [139.] [140.] [141.] [142.] [143.] [144.] [145.] [146.] [147.] [148.] [149.] [150.] [151.] [152.] [153.] [154.] [155.] [156.] [157.] [158.] [159.] [160.] [161.] [162.] [163.] [164.] [165.] [166.] [167.] [168.] [169.] [170.] [171.] [172.] [173.] [174.] [175.] [176.] [177.] [178.] [179.] [180.] [181.] [182.] [183.] [184.] [185.] [186.] [187.] [188.] [189.] [190.] [191.] [192.] [193.] [194.] [195.] [196.] [197.] [198.] [199.] [200.] [201.] [202.] [203.] [204.] [205.] [206.] [207.] [208.] [209.] [210.] [211.] [212.] [213.] [214.] [215.] [216.] [217.] [218.] [219.] [220.] [221.] [222.] [223.] [224.] [225.] [226.] [227.] [228.] [229.] [230.] [231.] [232.] [233.] [234.] [235.] [236.] [237.] [238.] [239.] [240.] [241.] [242.] [243.] [244.] [245.] [246.] [247.] [248.] [249.] [250.] [251.] [252.] [253.] [254.] [255.] [256.] [257.] [258.] [259.] [260.] [261.] [262.] [263.] [264.] [265.] [266.] [267.] [268.] [269.] [270.] [271.] [272.] [273.] [274.] [275.] [276.] [277.] [278.] [279.] [280.] [281.] [282.] [283.] [284.] [285.] [286.] [287.] [288.] [289.] [290.] [291.] [292.] [293.] [294.] [295.] [296.] [297.] [298.] [299.] [300.] [301.] [302.] [303.] [304.] [305.] [306.] [307.] [308.] [309.] [310.] [311.] [312.] [313.] [314.] [315.] [316.] [317.] [318.] [319.] [320.] [321.] [322.] [323.] [324.] [325.] [326.] [327.] [328.] [329.] [330.] [331.] [332.] [333.] [334.] [335.] [336.] [337.]