Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

2 Publications
Assessment of surface area normalisation for interpreting distribution coefficients (K(d)) for uranium sorption
Payne, T. E.; Brendler, V.; Comarmond, M. J.; Nebelung, C.;
Adsorption of radionuclides on soils and sediments is commonly quantified by distribution coefficients (K(d) values). This paper examines the relationship between K(d) values for uranium(VI) adsorption and the specific surface area (SSA) of geologic materials. We then investigate the potential applicability of normalising uranium (U) K(d) measurements using the SSA, to produce 'K(a) values' as a generic expression of the affinity of U for the surface. The data for U provide a reasonably coherent set of K(a) values on various solid phases, both with and without ligands. The K(a) representation provides a way of harmonising datasets obtained for materials having different specific surface areas, and accounting for the effects of ligands in different systems. In addition, this representation may assist in developing U sorption models for complex materials. However, a significant limitation of the K(a) concept is that sorption of radionuclides at trace levels can be dominated by interactions with specific surface sites, whose abundances are not reflected by the SSA. Therefore, calculated K(a) values should be interpreted cautiously.
Keywords: Sorption, Specific Surface Area, Radionuclides, Retardation, Nuclear Waste, Contamination, Database, Modelling
  • Lecture (Conference)
    SPERA'08 - 10th South Pacific Environmental Radioactivity Conference, 24.-27.11.2008, Christchurch, New Sealand
  • Journal of Environmental Radioactivity 102(2011), 888-895
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2010.04.005

Publ.-Id: 11932 - Permalink