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Volcanic glass under fire - A comparison of three complementary analytical methods
Eder, F. M.; Neelmeijer, C.; Pearce, N. J. G.; Bichler, M.; Sterba, J. H.; Ntaflos, T.; Merchel, S.;
The two obsidian sources from the island of Melos (Greece), Agia Nychia and Demenegakion, are chemically characterized by three complementary analytical techniques. Ion beam analysis (IBA) comprising of particle induced X-ray emission (PIXE) and particle induced gamma-ray emission (PIGE), neutron activation analysis (NAA) and laser ablation inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) are applied to the same set of geological obsidian samples.
The combination of methods allows a more complete characterisation of obsidian sources and reveals a highly specific chemical composition, the so-called chemical fingerprint. This multi-methodical approach checks also the self-consistency of the analytical results and shows the most reliable and characteristic key elements Co and Sc, but also Fe, Ca and Ti of Melos obsidian deposits. NAA contributes the largest number of reliable elements to the most unambiguous chemical fingerprint comprising in total of 41 elements. Therefore, NAA is the most suitable analytical method for a clear identification of Melos obsidian deposits.
Moreover, the accuracy of methods is demonstrated by the excellent correspondences (calculated correlation coefficient R2=1.00 for IBA and NAA, R2=0.99 for LA-ICP-MS) between determined analytical results obained by IBA, NAA and LA-ICP-MS and certified values of the reference glass BAM-S005B.
Keywords: PIXE, PIGE, neutron activation analysis, LA-ICP-MS

Publ.-Id: 18087 - Permalink