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Interlaboratory study of the ion source memory effect in 36Cl accelerator mass spectrometry
Pavetich, S.; Akhmadaliev, S.; Arnold, M.; Aumaître, G.; Bourlès, D.; Buchriegler, J.; Golser, R.; Keddadouche, K.; Martschini, M.; Merchel, S.; Rugel, G.; Steier, P.;
In 2011 the DREAMS (Dresden Accelerator Mass Spectrometry) facility [1] based on a HVE 6 MV Tandetron went operational. Since then constant effort was put into enabling routine measurements of long-lived radionuclides such as 10Be, 26Al and 41Ca. In the case of 36Cl the main focus was set on understanding and minimization of the ion source memory effect, which is the key issue for precise AMS-measurements of volatile elements like Cl and I [2,3]. For this purpose, one of the two original HVE sources was mechanically modified. The new design has a more open geometry to improve the vacuum level and a modified target loading and positioning system, which allows exchanging the individual cathode aperture with each target.
To evaluate this improvement in comparison to other up-to-date ion sources, a small interlaboratory comparison had been initiated. The long-term memory effect in the four Cs sputter ion sources of VERA [3] (Vienna Environmental Research Accelerator, NEC ion source: MC-SNICS), ASTER [4] (Accélérateur pour les Sciences de la Terre, Environnement, Risques, modified HVE SO110) and DREAMS (original HVE and modified HVE ion source) [1] had been investigated by running samples of natural 35Cl/37Cl-ratio and samples containing highly enriched 35Cl (35Cl/37Cl > 500).
Primary goals of the research are the time constants of the recovery from the contaminated sample ratio to the initial ratio of the sample and the level of the long term memory effect in the sources.

[1] S. Akhmadaliev et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 294 (2013) 5.
[2] R. Finkel et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 294 (2013) 121.
[3] M. Arnold et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 294 (2013) 24.
[4] M. Martschini et al., Nucl. Instr. Meth. B 269 (2011) 3188.
Keywords: accelerator mass spectrometry, DREAMS, 36Cl, volatile elements, long-term-memory-effect, ion source
  • Lecture (Conference)
    Heavy Ion Accelerator Symposia on Fundamental and Applied Science, 08.-12.04.2013, Canberra, Australien

Publ.-Id: 18137 - Permalink