Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Landau-Quantized Graphene: A Tunable Nonlinear Optical Material in the THz RangeKönig-Otto, J. C.; Wang, Y.; Belyanin, A.; Berger, C.; de Heer, W. A.; Orlita, M.; Pashkin, A.; Schneider, H.; Helm, M.; Winnerl, S.
Finding nonlinear optical materials for the THz and mid-infrared regimes is not straightforward. State-of-the-art devices with a high third-order optical susceptibility are often processed as complex multiquantum-well structures designed to feature one specific resonance frequency. In our work we study Landau-quantized graphene as a tunable and simple to produce nonlinear material. To this end we perform time-integrated degenerate four-wave mixing (FWM) experiments at a photon energy of 78 meV resonant to the transitions between the Landau levels LL−1, LL0 and LL1 at a magnetic field of roughly 4 T. We can recover expected scaling of the FWM-signal with the incident fields and the resonance behavior. The value of the third-order surface susceptibility in this material is in agreement with our calculations based on the density matrix formalism. We find the order of 𝜒(3) of Landau-quantized graphene to be competitive with more complex and elaborated solutions.
Keywords: graphene, Landau-quantized graphene, nonlinear optics, carrier dynamics, spectroscopy
DPG-Frühjahrstagung, 19.-24.03.2017, Dresden, Deutschland