Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

1 Publication
Time efficient scatter correction for time-of-flight PET: the immediate scatter approximation
Nikulin, P.ORC; Maus, J.ORC; Hofheinz, F.ORC; Lougovski, A.; van den Hoff, J.ORC
Utilization of Time-Of-Flight (TOF) information allows to improve image quality and convergence rate in iterative PET image reconstruction. In order to obtain quantitatively correct images accurate scatter correction (SC) is required that accounts for the non-uniform distribution of scatter events over the TOF bins. However, existing simplified TOF-SC algorithms frequently exhibit limited accuracy while the currently accepted gold standard — the TOF extension of the single scatter simulation approach (TOF-SSS) — is computationally demanding and can substantially slow down the reconstruction. In this paper we propose and evaluate a new accelerated TOF-SC algorithm in order to improve this situation. The key idea of the algorithm is the use of an immediate scatter approximation (ISA) for scatter time distribution calculation which speeds up estimation of the required TOF scatter by a factor of up to five in comparison to TOF-SSS. The proposed approach was evaluated in dedicated phantom measurements providing challenging high activity contrast conditions as well as in representative clinical patient data sets. Our results show that ISA is a viable alternative to TOF-SSS. The reconstructed images are in excellent quantitative agreement with those obtained with TOF-SSS while overall reconstruction time can be reduced by a factor of two in whole-body studies, even when using a listmode reconstruction not optimized for speed.
Keywords: PET, Scatter Correction, Immediate Scatter Approximation, Image Reconstruction, TOF, SSS, TOF-SSS, TOF-SC, ISA

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Publ.-Id: 28997 - Permalink