Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

1 Publication
A Machine Learning Framework for Drill-Core Mineral Mapping Using Hyperspectral and High-Resolution Mineralogical Data Fusion
Contreras Acosta, I. C.ORC; Khodadadzadeh, M.; Tusa, L.; Ghamisi, P.; Gloaguen, R.
Mining companies heavily rely on drill-core samples during exploration campaigns as they provide valuable geological information to target important ore accumulations. Traditional core logging techniques are time-consuming and subjective. Hyperspectral (HS) imaging, an emerging technique in the mining industry, is used to complement the analysis by rapidly characterizing large amounts of drill-cores in a nondestructive and noninvasive manner. As the accurate analysis of drill-core HS data is becoming more and more important, we explore the use of machine learning techniques to improve speed and accuracy, and help to discover underlying relations within large datasets. The use of supervised techniques for drill-core HS data represents a challenge since quantitative reference data is frequently not available. Hence, we propose an innovative procedure to fuse high-resolution mineralogical analysis and HS data. We use an automatic high-resolution mineralogical imaging system (i.e., scanning electron microscopy-mineral liberation analysis) for generating training labels. We then resample the MLA image to the resolution of the HS data and adopt a soft labeling strategy for mineral mapping. We define the labels for the classes as mixtures of geological interest and use the classifiers (random forest and support vector machines) to map the entire drill-core. We validate our framework qualitatively and quantitatively. Thus, we demonstrate the ability of the proposed technique to fuse and up-scale high-resolution mineralogical analysis with drill-core HS data.
Keywords: Data fusion, drill-cores, hyperspectral (HS) data, machine learning, mineral liberation analysis (MLA), random forest (RF), support vector machine (SVM)
  • IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing (2020)
    Online First (2019) DOI: 10.1109/JSTARS.2019.2924292

Publ.-Id: 29508 - Permalink