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Production of the amphiphilic siderophore Marinobactin for the application as froth flotation reagent. 
Schrader, S.; Kutschke, S.; Rudolph, M.ORC; Pollmann, K.
The consumption of metallic raw materials increased in the last years. The coverage of demand is getting more difficult, because both primary and secondary raw materials become more and more complex. To find a solution, some new ways have to be gone, like the combination of biotechnology with classic processing methods.
The idea of this work is the biotechnological production of siderophores for the application as a reagent in the classic froth flotation process. Siderophores are small organic molecules with a high affinity for binding Fe(III) and to form strong complexes also with other metals. They are produced by microorganisms (aerobic bacteria and fungi) and some plants. Especially the group of amphiphilic siderophores are very interesting. The hydrophilic part, carrying hydroxamate groups, is responsible for the binding of the metals. Flotation agents produced by the chemical industry with the same functional groups have already been applied successfully in this processing method. It can be suggested siderophores carrying the same functional groups, also work well as collectors. The fatty acid tail, that is representing the hydrophobic part, gets in contact with the bubble and spares additional chemicals and further working steps for making the target mineral particles hydrophobic.
Besides the biotechnological production of these amphiphilic siderophores, this work presents interaction studies and flotation experiments of different scales, including “Bubble pick up test”, Halimond tube tests and one-liter flotation experiments of iron, copper and PGM containing ores.
The application of amphiphilic siderophores as biochemicals in the froth flotation process can change the classic processing method in a more sustainable process – the Bioflotation process. This will reduce the usage of other chemical agents. Moreover, the specific metal binding of siderophores changes flotation in a more purposeful and efficient process and is an important enrichment for the field of Biohydrometallurgy.
Keywords: Marinobactin, Marinobacter, amphiphilic, Siderophores froth flotation
  • Lecture (Conference)
    23. International Biohydrometallurgy Symposium, 20.10.2019, Fukuoka, Japan

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-29765
Publ.-Id: 29765