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Synthesis and cyclooxygenase inhibition of sulfonamide-substituted (dihydro)pyrrolo[3,2,1-hi]indoles and their potential prodrugs
Laube, M.ORC; Gassner, C.; Knieß, T.ORC; Pietzsch, J.ORC
Non-invasive imaging of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) by radiolabeled ligands is attractive for the diagnosis of cancer and novel highly affine leads with optimized pharmacokinetic profile are of high interest for future developments. Recent findings have shown that methylsulfonyl-substituted (dihydro)pyrrolo[3,2,1-hi]indoles represent highly potent and selective COX-2 inhibitors but possess unsuitable pharmacokinetic properties for radiotracer applications. Based on these results, we herein present the development and evaluation of a second series of sulfonamide-substituted (dihydro)pyrrolo[3,2,1-hi]indoles and their conversion into the respective more hydrophilic N-propionamide-substituted analogs. In comparison to the methylsulfonyl-substituted leads, COX inhibition potency and selectivity was retained in the sulfonamide-substituted compounds; however, the high lipophilicity might hinder their future use. The N-propionamide-substituted analogs showed a significantly decreased lipophilicity and, as expected, lower or no COX-inhibition potency. Hence, the N-(sulfonyl)propionamides can be regarded as potential prodrugs, which represents a potential approach for more sophisticated radiotracer developments.
Keywords: Cancer; Imaging; Inflammation; Lipophilicity; McMurry cyclization; Structure-Activity-Relationship

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-29783
Publ.-Id: 29783