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Influence of LWFA injection schemes on temporal pulse structure and peak current

Debus, A.ORC; Zarini, O.ORC; Laberge, M.; Couperus Cabadağ, J. P.ORC; Köhler, A.ORC; Kurz, T.ORC; Schöbel, S.; Krämer, J.; Hannasch, A. J.; Zgadzaj, R.; Mewes, H.; Meißner, H.; Bussmann, M.ORC; Downer, M.; Schramm, U.ORC; Irman, A.ORC
Laser wakefield accelerators (LWFA) feature unique electron bunch characteristics, namely micrometer beam size with duration ranging from a few fs to tens of fs. Precise knowledge of the longitudinal profile of such ultra-short electron bunches is essential for the design of future table-top x-ray light-sources.
Spectral measurements of broadband transition radiation from LWFA electron bunches passing through a metal foil are especially promising for non-destructively analyzing ultrashort longitudinal bunch characteristics with single-shot capability.

Our broadband, single-shot spectrometer combines the TR spectrum in UV/VIS (200-1000nm), NIR (0.9-1.7μm) and mid-IR (1.6-12μm). A complete characterization and calibration of the spectrometer have been done with regard to wavelengths, relative spectral sensitivities, and absolute photometric sensitivity. Our spectrometer is able to characterize electron bunches with charges as low as 1 pC and resolve time-scales from 0.4 to 40 fs. In addition, complementary data on the transverse bunch profile is provided by simultaneously imaging the CTR in the far- and near-field.

We present recent experimental results of different LWFA injection mechanisms, such as self-truncated ionization-injection and self-injection. By analyzing the transition radiation spectra and reconstructing electron bunch profiles including error analysis, we determine electron bunch profiles and peak currents of the respective injection regimes. In addition to bunch durations and peak currents, we show sub-fs beam micro-structures and systematic experimental scans of the nitrogen doping concentration for ionization-induced injection.
Keywords: LWFA, Laser-wakefield acceleration, peak current, injection scheme, broadband spectrometer, single-shot bunch length measurement, coherent transition radiation, absolute calibration, electron bunch duration, longitudinal profile, absolute calibration, UV, VIS, NIR, MIR
  • Lecture (Conference)
    5. Annual MT Meeting, 05.-7.3.2019, Jena, Deutschland

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-30669
Publ.-Id: 30669