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Quadrupolar susceptibility and magnetic phase diagram of PrNi2Cd20 with non-Kramers doublet ground state

Yanagisawa, T.; Hidaka, H.; Amitsuka, H.; Nakamura, S.; Awaji, S.; Green, E. L.; Zherlitsyn, S.; Wosnitza, J.; Yazici, D.; White, B. D.; Maple, M. B.
In this study, ultrasonic measurements were performed on a single crystal of cubic PrNi2Cd20, down to a temperature of 0.02 K, to investigate the crystalline electric field ground state and search for possible phase transitions at low temperatures. The elastic constant (C11−C12)/2, which is related to the Γ3-symmetry quadrupolar response, exhibits the Curie-type softening at temperatures below ∼30 K, which indicates that the present system has a Γ3 non-Kramers doublet ground state. A leveling-off of the elastic response appears below ∼0.1 K toward the lowest temperatures, which implies the presence of level splitting owing to a long-range order in a finite-volume fraction associated with Γ3-symmetry multipoles. A magnetic field–temperature phase diagram of the present compound is constructed up to 28 T for H || [110]. A clear acoustic de Haas–van Alphen signal and a possible magnetic-field-induced phase transition at H ∼26 T are also detected by high-magnetic-field measurements.


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Publ.-Id: 30949