Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Particle Surfaces to Study Macrophage Adherence, Migration, and Clearance
Septiadi, D.; Lee, A.; Spuch‐Calvar, M.; Lee, M. T.; Spiaggia, G.; Abdussalam, W.; Rodriguez‐Lorenzo, L.; Taladriz‐Blanco, P.; Rothen‐Rutishauser, B.; Petri‐Fink, A.
Nanoparticle adsorption to substrates pose a unique challenge to understand uptake mechanisms as it involves the organization of complex cytoskeletal components by cells to perform endocytosis/phagocytosis. In particular, it is not well‐understood from a cell mechanics perspective how the adhesion of particles on substrate will influence the ease of material clearance. By using a particle model, key contributing factors underlying cell adhesion on nonporous silica particle surfaces, migration and engulfment, are simulated and studied. Following a 24 h incubation period, monocyte‐derived macrophages and A549 epithelial cells are able to adhere and remove particles in their local vicinity through induction of adhesive pulling arise from cell traction forces and phagocytic/endocytic mechanisms, in a size‐dependent manner. It is observed that such particle‐decorated surfaces can be used to address the influence of surface topography on cell behavior. Substrates which presented 480 nm silica particles are able to induce greater development and maturation of focal adhesions, which play an important role in cellular mechanoregulation. Moreover, under a chemotactic influence, in the presence of 30% fetal bovine serum, macrophages are able to uptake the particles and be directed to translocate along a concentration gradient, indicating that local mechanical effects do not substantially impair normal physiological functions.
Advanced Functional Materials 30(2020)34, 2002630