Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

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Ab initio results for the plasmon dispersion and damping of the warm dense electron gas

Hamann, P.; Vorberger, J.; Dornheim, T.; Moldabekov, Z.; Bonitz, M.

Warm dense matter (WDM) is an exotic state on the border between condensed matter and dense plasmas. Important occurrences of WDM include dense astrophysical objects, matter in the core of our Earth, as well as matter produced in strong compression experiments. As of late, x-ray Thomson scattering has become an advanced tool to diagnose WDM. The interpretation of the data requires model input for the dynamic structure factor S(q,ω) and the plasmon dispersion ω(q). Recently the first \textit{ab initio} results for S(q,ω) of the homogeneous warm dense electron gas were obtained from path integral Monte Carlo simulations, [Dornheim et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 121, 255001 (2018)]. Here, we analyse the effects of correlations and finite temperature on the dynamic dielectric function and the plasmon dispersion. Our results for the plasmon dispersion and damping differ significantly from the random phase approximation and from earlier models of the correlated electron gas. Moreover, we show when commonly used weak damping approximations break down and how the method of complex zeros of the dielectric function can solve this problem for WDM conditions.

Keywords: warm dense matter; electron gas; correlation; exchange; plasmon dispersion; plasmon width; collective effects; dynamic structure factor

Publ.-Id: 31423