Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Ultrathin two-dimensional conjugated metal–organic framework single-crystalline nanosheets enabled by surfactant-assisted synthesis
Wang, Z.; Wang, G.; Qi, H.; Wang, M.; Wang, M.; Park, S.; Wang, H.; Yu, M.; Kaiser, U.; Fery, A.; Zhou, S.; Dong, R.; Feng, X.
Two-dimensional conjugated metal–organic frameworks (2D c-MOFs) have recently emerged for potential applications in (opto-)electronics, chemiresistive sensing, and energy storage and conversion, due to their excellent electrical conductivity, abundant active sites, and intrinsic porous structures. However, developing ultrathin 2D c-MOF nanosheets (NSs) for facile solution processing and integration into devices remains a great challenge, mostly due to unscalable synthesis, low yield, limited lateral size and low crystallinity.
Here, we report a surfactant-assisted solution synthesis toward ultrathin 2D c-MOF NSs, including HHBCu (HHB ¼ hexahydroxybenzene), HHB-Ni and HHTP-Cu (HHTP ¼ 2,3,6,7,10,11-hexahydroxytriphenylene). For the first time, we achieve single-crystalline HHB-Cu(Ni) NSs featured with a thickness of 4–5 nm (~8–10 layers) and a lateral size of 0.25–0.65 mm2, as well as single-crystalline HHTP-Cu NSs with a thickness of ~5.1 + 2.6 nm (~10 layers) and a lateral size of 0.002–0.02 mm2.Benefiting from the ultrathin feature, the synthetic NSs allow fast ion diffusion and high utilization of active sites. As a proof of concept, when serving as a cathode material for Li-ion storage, HHB-Cu NSs
deliver a remarkable rate capability (charge within 3 min) and long-term cycling stability (90% capacity retention after 1000 cycles), superior to the corresponding bulk materials and other reported MOF cathodes.
Chemical Science 11(2020), 7665