Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Room-Temperature Infrared Photoresponse from Ion Beam–Hyperdoped Silicon
Room-temperature broadband infrared photoresponse in Si is of great interest for the development of on-chip complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible photonic platforms. One effective approach to extend the room-temperature photoresponse of Si to the mid-infrared range is the so-called hyperdoping. This consists of introducing deep-level impurities into Si to form an intermediate band within its bandgap enabling a strong intermediate band-mediated infrared photoresponse.Typically, impurity concentrations in excess of the equilibrium solubility limit can be introduced into the Si host either by pulsed laser melting of Si with a gas-phase impurity precursor, by pulsed laser mixing of a thin-film layer of impurities atop the Si surface or by ion implantation followed by a sub-second annealing step. In this review, a conspectus of the current status of room-temperature infrared photoresponse in hyperdoped Si by ion implantation followed by nanosecond-pulsed laser annealing is provided. The possibilities of achieving room-temperature broadband infrared photoresponse in ion beam-hyperdoped Si with different deep-level impurities are discussed in terms of material fabrication and device performance. The thermal stability of hyperdoped Si with deep-level impurities is addressed with special emphasis on the structural and the opto-electronic material properties. The future perspectives of achieving room-temperature Si-based broadband infrared photodetectors are outlined.
Physica Status Solidi (A) (2020)