Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Path-integral Monte Carlo simulations of quantum dipole systems in traps: Superfluidity, quantum statistics, and structural properties
We present extensive ab initio path-integral Monte Carlo (PIMC) simulations of two-dimensional quantum dipole few-body systems (2≤N≤7) in a harmonic confinement, taking into account both Bose- and Fermi-statistics. This allows us to study the nonclassical rotational inertia, which can lead to a negative superfluid fraction in the case of fermions [Phys. Rev. Lett. 112, 235301 (2014)]. Moreover, we study in detail the structural characteristics of such systems and are able to clearly resolve the impact of quantum statistics on density profiles and the respective shell structure. Further, we present results for a more advanced center-two-particle correlation function [Phys. Rev. E 91, 043104 (2015)], which allows detection of differences between Fermi and Bose systems even when they are almost absent in other observables like the density. Overall, we find that bosonic systems sensitively react to even small values of the dipole-dipole coupling strength, whereas such a weak interaction is effectively masked for fermions by the Pauli exclusion principle. In addition, the abnormal superfluid fraction for fermions is not reflected by the structural properties of the system, which are equal to the bosonic case even though the moments of inertia diverge from each other. Lastly, we have explored the possibility of fermionic PIMC simulations of quantum dipole systems despite the notorious fermion sign problem, which can be further extended in future investigations in this field.
Physical Review A 102(2020), 023307-1-023307-20
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