Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Tailoring magnetocaloric effect in all- d -metal Ni-Co-Mn-Ti Heusler alloys: a combined experimental and theoretical study
Novel Ni-Co-Mn-Ti all- d -metal Heusler alloys are exciting due to large multicaloric effects combined with enhanced mechanical properties. An optimized heat treatment for a series of these compounds leads to very sharp phase transitions in bulk alloys with isothermal entropy changes of up to 38 J kg−1 K−1 for a magnetic field change of 2 T. The differences of as-cast and annealed samples are analyzed by investigating microstructure and phase transitions in detail by optical microscopy. We identify different grain structures as well as stoichiometric (in)homogenieties as reasons for differently sharp martensitic transitions after ideal and non-ideal annealing. We develop alloy design rules for tuning the magnetostructural phase transition and evaluate specifically the sensitivity of the transition temperature towards the externally applied magnetic fields (dTt/μ0dH) by analyzing the different stoichiometries. We then set up a phase diagram including martensitic transition temperatures and austenite Curie temperatures depending on the e/a ratio for varying Co and Ti content. The evolution of the Curie temperature with changing stoi- chiometry is compared to other Heusler systems. Density Functional Theory calculations reveal a correlation of TC with the stoichiometry as well as with the order state of the austenite. This combined approach of experiment and theory allows for an efficient development of new systems towards promising magnetocaloric properties. Direct adiabatic temperature change measurements show here the largest value of -4 K in a magnetic field change of 1.93 T for Ni35Co15Mn37Ti13.
Acta Materialia 201(2020), 425-434