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The dithiol-dithione tautomerism of 2,3-pyrazinedithiol in the synthesis of copper and silver coordination compounds
A promising strategy for new electrically conductive coordination polymers is the combination of d10 metal ions, which tolerate short metal···metal distances, with dithiolene linkers, known for their “non-innocent” redox behavior. This study explores the coordination chemistry of 2,3-pyrazinedithiol (H2pdt) towards Cu+ and Ag+ ions, highlighting similarities and differences. The synthetic approach, starting with the fully protonated ligand, allowed the isolation of a homoleptic bis(dithiolene) complex with formal CuI atoms, [Cu(H2pdt)2]Cl (1). This complex was further transformed to a one-dimensional coordination polymer with short metal···metal distances, 1D[Cu(Hpdt)] (2Cu). The larger Ag+ ion directly built up a very similar coordination polymer 1D[Ag(Hpdt)] (2Ag), without any appearance of an intermediate metal complex. The coordination polymer 1D[Cu(H2pdt)I] (4), like complex 1, bears fully protonated H2pdt ligands in their dithione form. Upon heating, both compounds underwent auto-oxidation coupled with a dehydrogenation of the ligand to form the open shell neutral copper(II) complex [Cu(Hpdt)2] (3) and the coordination polymer 1D[Cu2I2(Hpdt)(H2pdt)] (5), respectively. For all presented compounds, crystal structures are discussed in-depth. Furthermore, properties of 1, 3, as well as of the three one-dimensional coordination polymers 2Ag, 2Cu and 4, were investigated by UV-Vis-NIR spectroscopy, cyclic voltammetry, and variable temperature magnetic susceptibility, and DC-conductivity measurements. The experimental results are compared and discussed with the aid of DFT simulations.
Inorganic Chemistry (2020)
- Secondary publication expected from 22.10.2021