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Voltage‐driven motion of nitrogen ions: a new paradigm for magneto‐ionics
de Rojas, J.; Quintana, A.; Lopeandia, A.; Salguero, J.; Muñiz, B.; Ibrahim, F.; Chshiev, M.; Nicolenco, A.; Liedke, M. O.; Butterling, M.; Wagner, A.; Sireus, V.; Abad, L.; Jensen, C.; Liu, K.; Nogues, J.; Costa-Krämer, J.; Sort, J.; Menéndez, E.
Magneto‐ionics, understood as voltage‐driven ion transport in magnetic materials, has largely relied on controlled migration of oxygen ions. Here, we demonstrate room‐temperature voltagedriven nitrogen transport (i.e., nitrogen magneto‐ionics) by electrolyte‐gating of a CoN film.
Nitrogen magneto‐ionics in CoN is compared to oxygen magneto‐ionics in Co3O4. Both materials are nanocrystalline (face‐centered‐cubic structure) and show reversible voltage‐driven ON‐OFF ferromagnetism. In contrast to oxygen, nitrogen transport occurs uniformly creating a plane‐wavelike migration front, without assistance of diffusion channels. Remarkably, nitrogen magnetoionics requires lower threshold voltages and exhibits enhanced rates and cyclability. This is due to the lower activation energy for ion diffusion and the lower electronegativity of nitrogen compared to oxygen. These results may open new avenues in applications such as brain‐inspired computing or iontronics in general.
Keywords: positron annihilation spectroscopy; magneto-ionics; positron annihilation lifetime spectroscopy; defetcs; nitrogen; Co
Nature Communications 11(2020), 5871