Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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An Efficient Deep Unsupervised Superresolution Model for Remote Sensing Images
Sheikholeslami, M. M.; Nadi, S.; Naeini, A. A.; Ghamisi, P.
Superresolution (SR) has provided an effective solution to the increasing need for high-resolution images in remote sensing applications. Among various SR methods, deep learning-based SR (DLSR) has made a significant breakthrough. However, supervised DLSR methods require a considerable amount of training data, which is hardly available in the remote sensing field. To address this issue, some research works have recently proposed and revealed the capability of deep learning in unsupervised SR. This article presents an efficient unsupervised SR (EUSR) deep learning model using dense skip connections, which boosts the reconstruction performance in parallel with the reduction of computational burden. To do this, several blocks containing densely connected convolutional layers are implemented to increase the depth of the model. Some skip connections also concatenate feature maps of different blocks to enable better SR performance. Moreover, a bottle-neck block abstracts the feature maps in fewer feature maps to remarkably reduce the computational burden. According to our experiments, the proposed EUSR leads to better results than the state-of-the-art DLSR method in terms of reconstruction quality with less computational burden. Furthermore, results indicate that the EUSR is more robust than its rival in dealing with images of different classes and larger sizes.
IEEE Journal of Selected Topics in Applied Earth Observations and Remote Sensing 13(2020), 1937-1945