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Curvilinear magnetism: From curvature induced magnetochirality to shapeable magnetoelectronics

Makarov, D.

Non-collinear magnetic textures like spin spirals, chiral domain walls or skyrmions are typically stabilized by the intrinsic spin-orbit induced Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) [1]. Curvature effects emerged as a novel mean to design chiral magnetic responses relying on extrinsic parameters, i.e. geometrical curvature of thin films [2-4]. The lack of an inversion symmetry and the emergence of a curvature induced effective anisotropy and DMI are characteristic of curved surfaces, leading to curvature-driven magnetochiral effects and topologically induced magnetization patterning [5-7]. Vast majority of activities are dedicated to curved ferromagnets, where recent achievements include the development of the theory of curvilinear micromagnetism [3] and the first experimental confirmation of curvature-driven chiral effects stemming from the exchange interaction [4]. Only very recently, the focus was put also on curvilinear antiferromagnets. Pylypovskyi et al. [8] demonstrated that intrinsically achiral one-dimensional curvilinear antiferromagnets behave as a chiral helimagnet with geometrically tunable DMI and orientation of the Neel vector.
The application potential of 3D-shaped magnetic thin films is currently being explored as mechanically shapeable magnetic field sensors [9] for automotive applications, magnetoelectrics for memory devices, spin-wave filters, high-speed racetrack memory devices as well as on-skin interactive electronics [10-12].
The fundamentals as well as application relevant aspects of curvilinear ferro- and antiferromagnets will be covered in this presentation.


[1] D. Sander, DM et al., J. Phys. D 50, 363001 (2017)
[2] R. Streubel, DM et al., J. Phys. D 49, 363001 (2016)
[3] D. Sheka, DM et al., Communications Physics 3, 128 (2020)
[4] O. M. Volkov, DM et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 123, 077201 (2019)
[5] V. Kravchuk, DM et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 067201 (2018)
[6] O. Pylypovskyi, DM et al., Phys. Rev. Appl. 10, 064057 (2018)
[7] O. Pylypovskyi, DM et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 114, 197204 (2015)
[8] O.Pylypovskyi, DM et al., Nano Lett. (2020) doi:10.1021/acs.nanolett.0c03246
[9] D. Makarov et al., Appl. Phys. Rev. 3, 011101 (2016)
[10] S. Canon Bermudez, DM et al., Science Advances 4, eaao2623 (2018)
[11] S. Canon Bermudez, DM et al., Nature Electronics 1, 589 (2018)
[12] J. Ge, DM et al., Nature Communications 10, 4405 (2019).

Keywords: curvilinear magnetism; shapeable magnetoelectronics

  • Invited lecture (Conferences) (Online presentation)
    736. WE-Heraeus-Seminar "Magnetism at the Nanoscale: Imaging ‐ Fabrication – Physics", 06.01.2021, Bad Honnef, Germany

Publ.-Id: 32012