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Mineralogy and Fluid Characteristics of the Waschleithe Zn skarn – a distal part of the Schwarzenberg mineral system, Erzgebirge, Germany
Reinhardt, N.; Frenzel, M.; Meinert, L. D.; Gutzmer, J.; Kürschner, T.; Burisch, M.
The Waschleithe skarn is situated in the northern sector of the Schwarzenberg District in the western Erzgebirge (Germany), a district which hosts several large polymetallic skarn deposits. The Waschleithe is a Zn-dominant skarn comprising abundant dark Mn-rich hedenbergite, minor grandite garnet and magnetite related to the prograde stage, as well as epidote, quartz, fluorite, amphibole, chlorite, ilvaite, and Mn-rich pyroxenoids related to the retrograde stage of skarn formation. Ore minerals are related to the early retrograde stage and include sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite, pyrite as well as minor amounts of scheelite and cassiterite. Fluid inclusion homogenization temperatures range from ∼385 to 360°C and from ∼320 to 285°C for the prograde and retrograde skarn stages, respectively. Thus, late-stage cooling is proposed as the major controlling factor for sulfide mineral precipitation. Fluid salinities for both stages are very low (< 3 % eq. w[NaCl]) and all observed fluid inclusion assemblages show homogeneous liquid-vapor ratios. Formation pressures >25 MPa suggest a minimum depth of formation of approximately 3 km. Oxygen fugacity during prograde skarn formation was initially low and increased towards the late prograde stage. The late-Variscan Eibenstock granite is identified as the most likely source of the skarn-forming fluids. The recognition of the Waschleithe skarn as a distal Zn skarn has major implications for the understanding of the Schwarzenberg District mineral system and provides valuable information for exploration targeting.
Ore Geology Reviews 131(2021), 104007