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Demonstration of a laser-driven, narrow spectral bandwidth x-ray source for collective x-ray scattering experiments

Macdonald, M. J.; Saunders, A. M.; Bachmann, B.; Bethkenhagen, M.; Divol, L.; Doyle, M. D.; Fletcher, L. B.; Glenzer, S. H.; Kraus, D.; Landen, O. L.; Lefevre, H. J.; Klein, S. R.; Neumayer, P.; Redmer, R.; Schörner, M.; Whiting, N.; Falcone, R. W.; Döppner, T.

X-ray Thomson scattering (XRTS) is a powerful diagnostic technique that involves an x-ray source interacting with a dense plasma sample,
resulting in a spectrum of elastically and inelastically scattered x-rays. Depending on the plasma conditions, one can measure a range of
parameters from the resulting spectrum, including plasma temperature, electron density, and ionization state. To achieve sensitivity to collective
electron oscillations, XRTS measurements require limited momentum transfer where the spectral separation of elastic and inelastic scattering
is small. Such measurements require an x-ray probe source with a narrow bandwidth in order to reduce the spectral overlap between
scattering contributions, allowing for the different features to be more precisely deconvolved. In this investigation, we discuss the theory
behind how the bandwidth for a common XRTS probe, Zn He-a emission at 9 keV, can be reduced using a Cu K-edge filter. Proof-of-principle
experiments conducted at the OMEGA laser facility confirm that this is an effective method for attenuating the higher energy He-a peak in
the Zn emission spectrum. Calibration measurements at the National Ignition Facility show a reduction in spectral bandwidth from 87 eV to
48 eV when using the Cu filter, which will be important to improve the spectral resolution of future XRTS measurements that will probe plasmon
oscillations in strongly compressed plasmas of low-Z materials at densities of tens of g/cm3.

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-32436
Publ.-Id: 32436