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Exceptional field dependence of antiferromagnetic magnons in LiFePO4

Werner, J.; Neef, C.; Koo, C.; Ponomaryov, O.; Zvyagin, S.; Klingeler, R.

Low-energy magnon excitations in magnetoelectric LiFePO4 have been investigated by high-frequency–highfield electron spin resonance spectroscopy inmagnetic fields up to B = 58 T and frequencies up to f = 745 GHz. For magnetic fields applied along the easy magnetic axis, the excitation gap softens and vanishes at the spin-flop field of BSF = 32 T before hardening again at higher fields. In addition, for B ≲ BSF we observe a resonance mode assigned to excitations due to Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya (DM) interactions, thereby evidencing a sizable DM interaction of ≈150 μeV in LiFePO4. Both the magnetization and the excitations up to high magnetic fields are described in terms of a mean-field theory model which extends recent zero-field inelastic neutron scattering results. Our results imply that magnetic interactions as well as magnetic anisotropy have a sizable quadratic field dependence which we attribute to significant magnetostriction.

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Publ.-Id: 32730