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Universal Liquid Metal Alloy Ion Sources for FIB nanofabrication

Richter, T.; Mazarov, P.; Meyer, F.; Pilz, W.; Bischoff, L.; Klingner, N.

The incident ion defines the interaction mechanism with the sample surface caused by the energy deposition and thus has significant consequences on resulting nanostructures [1]. In addition, nanofabrication requirements for FIB technologies are specifically demanding in terms of patterning resolution and stability [2].
Therefore, we have extended the technology towards a stable supply of multiple ion species selectable into a nanometer scale focused ion beam by employing a liquid metal alloy ion source (LMAIS) [3]. This LMAIS provides single and multiple charged ion species of different masses, resulting in significantly different interaction mechanisms. Nearly half of the elements of the periodic table are thus made available in the FIB technology because of continuous research in this area [4]. This range of ion species with different mass or charge can be beneficial for various nanofabrication applications. Recent developments could make these sources to an alternative technology feasible for nanopatterning challenges. In this contribution, the operation principle, first results and prospective domains for modern FIB applications will be presented. As examples, we will introduce the AuGeSi and GaBiLi LMAIS [5, 6]. Both sources provide light and heavy ions available from a single source to tailor chemical and physical properties of resulting nanostructures. GaBiLi enables high resolution imaging with light Li ions and sample modification with Ga or heavy polyatomic Bi clusters, all coming from one ion source. For sub-10 nm focused ion beam nanofabrication and microscopy, the GaBiLi-FIB could benefit of providing additional ion species in a mass separated FIB without changing the ion source.
[1] P. Mazarov, V. Dudnikov, A. Tolstoguzov, Electrohydrodynamic emitters of ion beams, Phys. Usp. 63, 1219 (2020).
[2] L. Bruchhaus, P. Mazarov, L. Bischoff, J. Gierak, A. D. Wieck, and H. Hövel, Comparison of technologies for nano device prototyping with a special focus on ion beams: A review, Appl. Phys. Rev. 4, 011302 (2017).
[3] L. Bischoff, P. Mazarov, L. Bruchhaus, and J. Gierak, Liquid Metal Alloy Ion Sources – An Alternative for Focused Ion Beam Technology, Appl. Phys. Rev. 3, 021101 (2016).
[4] J. Gierak, P. Mazarov, L. Bruchhaus, R. Jede, L. Bischoff, Review of electrohydrodynamical ion sources and their applications to focused ion beam technology, JVSTB 36, 06J101 (2018).
[5] W. Pilz, N. Klingner, L. Bischoff, P. Mazarov, and S. Bauerdick, Lithium ion beams from liquid metal alloy ion sources, JVSTB 37, 021802 (2019).
[6] N. Klingner, G. Hlawacek, P. Mazarov, W. Pilz, F. Meyer, and L. Bischoff, Imaging and milling resolution of light ion beams from helium ion microscopy and FIBs driven by liquid metal alloy ion sources, Beilstein J. Nanotechnol. 11, 1742 (2020).

Keywords: Liquid Metal Alloy Ion Sources; FIB; nanofabrication

  • Lecture (Conference) (Online presentation)
    34th International Microprocesses and Nanotechnology Conference (MNC 2021), 26.-29.10.2021, Osaka, Japan

Publ.-Id: 33299