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A two-sublattice model for extracting rare-earth anisotropy constants from measurements on (Nd,Ce)2(Fe,Co)14B single crystals
Gomez Eslava, G.; Fayyazi, B.; Skokov, K.; Scurschii, I.; Gorbunov, D.; Gutfleisch, O.; Dempsey, N. M.; Givord, D.
Anisotropy constants are obtained from an analysis of single crystal magnetization curves measured up to high fields. The anisotropy of the 3d transition metal sublattice is considered, as well as molecular exchange field coupling between the rare-earth (R) and transition metal sublattices (M). This procedure allows for non colinear R and M magnetic moments, meaning that their angles with respect to the easy axis are independent variables. With this approach we obtain anisotropy constants that are larger than those reported in the literature, which reflects the anisotropy of the isolated R sublattice. Results for Co and/or Ce doped Nd2Fe14B single crystals are presented, showing the influence of such substitutions on the magnetocrystalline anisotropy. These results indicate that the enhanced performance of NdFeB-based magnets co-doped with Ce and Co can be ascribed to an improvement in intrinsic properties.
Journal of Magnetism and Magnetic Materials 520(2021), 167470
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