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Quantum magnetism of ferromagnetic spin dimers in α-KVOPO4
Mukharjee, P. K.; Somesh, K.; Ranjith, K. M.; Baenitz, M.; Scurschii, I.; Adroja, D. T.; Khalyavin, D.; Tsirlin, A. A.; Nath, R.
Magnetism of the spin- 1/2 α-KVOPO4 is studied by thermodynamic measurements, 31P nuclear magnetic resonance, neutron diffraction, and density-functional band-structure calculations. Ferromagnetic Curie-Weiss temperature of θCW ≃ 15.9 K and the saturation field of μ0Hs ≃ 11.3 T suggest the predominant ferromagnetic coupling augmented by a weaker antiferromagnetic exchange that leads to a short-range order below 5 K and the long-range antiferromagnetic order below TN ≃ 2.7 K in zero field. Magnetic structure with the propagation vector k = (0, 1/2, 0) and the ordered magnetic moment of 0.58 μB at 1.5 K exposes a nontrivial spin lattice where strong ferromagnetic dimers are coupled antiferromagnetically. The reduction in the ordered magnetic moment with respect to the classical value (1 μB) indicates sizable quantum fluctuations in this setting, despite the predominance of ferromagnetic exchange. We interpret this tendency toward ferromagnetism as arising from the effective orbital order in the folded chains of the VO6 octahedra.
Physical Review B 104(2021), 224409