Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Modeling of a buoyancy-driven flow experiment at the ROCOM test facility using the CFD-codes CFX-5 and TRIO_U
Höhne, T.; Kliem, S.; Bieder, U.
The influence of density differences on the mixing of the primary loop inventory and the Emergency Core Cooling (ECC) water in the downcomer of a Pressurized Water Reactor (PWR) was analysed at the ROssendorf COolant Mixing (ROCOM) test facility. ROCOM is a 1:5 scaled model of a German PWR, and has been designed for coolant mixing studies. It is equipped with advanced instrumentation, which delivers high-resolution information for temperature or Boron concentration fields.
An experiment with 5 % of the design flow rate in one loop and 10 % density difference between the ECC and loop water was selected for validation of the CFD software packages CFX-5 and Trio_U. Two similar meshes with approximately two million control volumes were used for the calculations. The effects of turbulence on the mean flow were modelled with a Reynolds stress turbulence model in CFX-5 and LES approach in Trio_U. CFX-5 is a commercial code package offered from ANSYS Inc. and Trio_U is a single-phase CFD tool which is developed by the CEA-Grenoble, France.
The results of the experiment and of the numerical calculations show that mixing is dominated by buoyancy effects: At higher mass flow rates (close to nominal conditions) the injected slug propagates in the circumferential direction around the core barrel. Buoyancy effects reduce this propagation. The ECC water falls in an almost vertical path and reaches the lower down¬comer sen¬sor directly below the inlet nozzle. Therefore, density effects play an important role during natural convection with ECC injection in PWRs. Both CFD codes were able to predict the observed flow patterns and mixing phenomena quite well.
Keywords: PWR; CFD; Mixing; Boron Dilution; ROCOM; CFX; TRIO_U
Nuclear Engineering and Design 236(2006)12, 1309-1325