Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Fluid mixing and flow distribution ín a primary circuit of a nuclear pressurized water reactor Validation of CFD codes
Rohde, U.; Höhne, T.; Kliem, S.; Hemström, B.; Scheuerer, M.; Toppila, T.; Aszodi, A.; Boros, I.; Farkas, I.; Muehlbauer, P.; Vyskocil, V.; Klepac, J.; Remis, J.; Dury, T.
The EU project FLOMIX-R was aimed at describing the mixing phenomena relevant for both safety analysis, particularly in steam line break and boron dilution scenarios, and mixing phenomena of interest for economical operation and the structural integrity.
This report will focus on the Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code validation. Slug mixing tests simulating the start-up of the first main circulation pump have been performed with two 1:5 scaled facilities: The Rossendorf coolant mixing model ROCOM and the VATTENFALL test facility. Additional data on slug mixing in a VVER-1000 type reactor gained at a 1:5 scaled metal mock-up at EDO Gidropress are provided. Experimental results on mixing of fluids with density differences obtained at ROCOM and the FORTUM PTS test facility were made available. Concerning mixing phenomena of interest for operational issues and thermal fatigue, flow distribution data available from commissioning tests have been used together with the data from the ROCOM facility as a basis for the flow distribution studies. CFD calculations have been accomplished for selected experiments with two different CFD codes (CFX-5, FLUENT). Best practice guidelines (BPG) were applied in all CFD work when choosing computational grid, time step, turbulence models, modelling of internal geometry, boundary conditions, numerical schemes and convergence criteria. The strategy of code validation based on the BPG and a matrix of CFD code validation calculations have been elaborated. Based on the best practice solutions, conclusions on the applicability of CFD for turbulent mixing problems in PWR were drawn and recommendations on CFD modelling were given.
Keywords: FLOMIX-R; CFD; ROCOM
Nuclear Engineering and Design 237(2007)15-17, 1639-1655