Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
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Buoyancy driven coolant mixing studies of natural circulation flows at the ROCOM test facility using ANSYS CFX
Höhne, T.; Kliem, S.; Rohde, U.; Weiss, F.-P.
Coolant mixing in the cold leg, downcomer and the lower plenum of pressurized water reactors is an important phenomenon mitigating the reactivity insertion into the core. Therefore, mixing of the de-borated slugs with the ambient coolant in the reactor pressure vessel was investigated at the four loop 1:5 scaled ROCOM mixing test facility. Thermal hydraulics analyses showed, that weakly borated condensate can accumulate in particular in the pump loop seal of those loops, which do not receive safety injection. After refilling of the primary circuit, natural circulation in the stagnant loops can re-establish simultaneously and the de-borated slugs are shifted towards the reactor pressure vessel (RPV).
In the ROCOM experiments, the length of the flow ramp and the initial density difference between the slugs and the ambient coolant was varied. From the test matrix experiments with 0 resp. 2% density difference between the de-borated slugs and the ambient coolant were used to validate the CFD software ANSYS CFX. To model the effects of turbulence on the mean flow a higher order Reynolds stress turbulence model was employed and a mesh consisting of 6.4 million hybrid elements was utilized. Only the experiments and CFD calculations with modeled density differences show a stratification in the downcomer. Depending on the degree of density differences the less dense slugs flow around the core barrel at the top of the downcomer. At the opposite side the lower borated coolant is entrained by the colder safety injection water and transported to the core. The va¬li¬¬dation proves that ANSYS CFX is able to simulate appropriately the flow field and mixing effects of coolant with different densities.
Keywords: PWR; Boron Dilution; ROCOM
Contribution to proceedings
14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, 16.-20.07.2006, Miami, United States
CD-ROM, paper ICONE 14- 89120
14th International Conference on Nuclear Engineering, 16.07.2006, Miami, United States