Nanotribology of lubricated carbon-based nanocoatings

Nanotribology of lubricated carbon-based nanocoatings

Kunze, T.; Posselt, M.; Gemming, S.; Seifert, G.

Nanocoatings have the potential to improve the surface properties of various materials. They are of extreme importance for surfaces in sliding lubricated contact such as highly stressed automotive engine parts. Here, nanocoatings have to be optimized with respect to low friction properties and a high wear resistance to enhance the energetic and environmental efficiency. An additional variation of the tribological characteristics arises due to the presence of the fuel as the lubricant.
The present study employs atomic-scale simulations in order to assist the manufacturing and optimization of functional nanocoatings. Our investigations focus on two basic functional film species - tetrahedral amorphous carbon (ta-C) and transition metal enriched carbon (TM:C) coatings. These films are modeled and studied with the help of bond-order potentials such as the reactive empirical bond-order (REBO) potential [1] for carbon-carbon interaction and the Shibuta potential [2] for TM-carbon interaction. Our simulations also incorporate an adaptive cutoff scheme, which is able to enhance the REBO potential characteristics [3]. Since the tribological properties of lubricated engine parts depend not only on the properties of the nanocoatings but also on the lubricant, the hydrocarbon dodecan is selected as a representative of the fuel in the automotive engines. Preliminary results on the ta-C film morphology and its tribological properties such as friction coefficients with and without lubrication are presented.

[1] D. W. Brenner et al., J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 14 (2002) 783
[2] Y. Shibuta et al., Chem. Phys. Lett. 472 (2009) 200
[3] L. Pastewka et al., Phys. Rev. B 78 (2008) 161402

Keywords: nanotribology; diamond-like carbon; atomistic simulations

  • Poster
    5th Int. Conf. Multiscale Materials Modeling (MMM2010), Symposium Tribology, 04.-08.10.2010, Freiburg, Deutschland
  • Contribution to proceedings
    5th Int. Conf. Multiscale Materials Modeling (MMM2010), 04.-08.10.2010, Freiburg, Deutschland
    Conference Proceedings MMM2010, Stuttgart: Fraunhofer Verlag, 978-3-8396-0166-2, 858

Publ.-Id: 14723