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Determination of muon attenuation lengths in depth profiles from in situ produced cosmogenic nuclides
Braucher, R.; Bourlès, D.; Merchel, S.; Vidal Romani, J.; Fernadez-Mosquera, D.; Marti, K.; Leanni, L.; Chauvet, F.; Arnold, M.; Aumaître, G.; Keddadouche, K.
Cosmogenic nuclides are important tools to understand and quantify the processes that control the development and evolution of landscapes during the Quaternary. Among all published studies, few are related to the accurate and precise determination of the physical parameters governing their production in the Earth's crust surface (in-situ produced cosmogenic nuclides) and its evolution as a function of depth below the Earth's surface. Currently, it is nearly impossible to advocate global parameters that could be used worldwide. Indeed, at each sampling site, not only the geometry and the mineralogy will differ but also their evolution as a function of depth. In this paper, a new approach based on the measurement of the evolution of cosmogenic nuclide concentrations along depth profiles to determine the muon attenuation lengths is proposed. In this study, the determined attenuation length will integrate the potential effect of the chemical composition of the overlying matrix and will take into account the entire energy range of the incident particles. More, when denudational steady state is reached, muon contributions can be determined. When scaled to sea level, these contributions are similar for a given nuclide whatever the site where they have been determined. The average weighted muon contribution are (0.028 ± 0.004) at/g/a for 10Be, (0.233±0.045) at/g/a for 26Al and (1.063 ± 0.329) at/g/a for 36Cl and are valid within the depth range 0 - 6500 g/cm2.
Keywords: Cosmogenic nuclides; muon; attenuation length; depth profile
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 294(2013), 484-490
Online First (2012) DOI: 10.1016/j.nimb.2012.05.023
Cited 77 times in Scopus