Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

The complexation of uranium(VI) and atmospherically derived CO2 at the ferrihydrite-water interface probed by time-resolved vibrational spectroscopy

Foerstendorf, H.; Heim, K.; Rossberg, A.

The sorption reactions of uranium(VI) at the ferrihydrite(Fh)-water interface were investigated in the absence and presence of atmospherically derived CO2 by time-resolved in situ vibrational spectroscopy. The spectra clearly show that a single uranyl surface species, most probably a mononuclear bidentate surface complex, is formed irrespective of the presence of atmospherically derived CO2. The character of the carbonate surface species correlates with the presence of the actinyl ions and changes from a monodentate to a bidentate binding upon sorption of U(VI). From the in situ sorption experiments under mildly acid conditions, the formation of a ternary surface complex is derived where the carbonate ligands coordinate bidentately to the uranyl moiety (≡UO2(O2CO)x). Furthermore, the release reaction of the carbonate ligands from the ternary surface complex is found to be considerably retarded compared to those from the pristine surface suggesting a tighter bonding of the carbonate ions in the ternary complex. Simultaneous sorption of U(VI) and atmospherically derived carbonate onto pristine Fh shows formation of binary monodentate carbonate surface complexes prior to the formation of the ternary complexes.

Keywords: Ternary surface complex; uranyl; carbonate; ferrihydrite; time-resolved spectroscopy; ATR FT-IR spectroscopy

Publ.-Id: 16266