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Frequency-Domain Magnetic Resonance—Alternative Detection Schemes for Samples at the Nanoscale

Möller, M.; Lenz, K.; Lindner, J.

Magnetic Resonance in the frequency domain provides a tool to investigate and quantitatively measure many important magnetic key parameters, such like the effective magnetization, magnetic anisotropies, magnetic damping parameters or coupling field strengths. Although it has been widely employed for studying magnetic bulk and thin film samples, the sensitivity of this classical method often suffers from being too low when single nanostructures are of interest. This review discusses Magnetic Resonance as technique, providing an introduction also to non-experts in the field. The theoretical background is discussed on an ‘easy to read’ basis, followed by a brief summary of methods that are capable of investigation spin dynamics within single nanostructures (nearfield microscopy, Brillouin Light Scattering, time-resolved Magneto-optical Kerr-effect). Focusing on frequency-domain approaches we then give a detailed explanation of what we call conventional way of experimentally detecting Magnetic Resonance which is based on the use of microwave cavities. This serves a basis to discuss different approaches to enhance sensitivity within a frequency-domain Magnetic Resonance experiment. As shown this includes either improving the conventional setup itself (microresonators) or using alternative detection routes, such as optical or electrical detection.

Keywords: FMR; ferromagnetic resonance; Kerr effect; MOKE; Microresonators; Magnetism; Magnetic nanostructures

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Publ.-Id: 21051