Direct Capture Cross Section and the Ep=71 and 105 keV Resonances in the 22Ne(p,γ)23Na Reaction

Direct Capture Cross Section and the Ep=71 and 105 keV Resonances in the 22Ne(p,γ)23Na Reaction

Ferraro, F.; Takács, M. P.; Piatti, D.; Cavanna, F.; Depalo, R.; Aliotta, M.; Bemmerer, D.; Best, A.; Boeltzig, A.; Broggini, C.; Bruno, C. G.; Caciolli, A.; Chillery, T.; Ciani, G. F.; Corvisiero, P.; Davinson, T.; D’Erasmo, G.; Dileva, A.; Elekes, Z.; Fiore, E. M.; Formicola, A.; Fülöp, Z.; Gervino, G.; Guglielmetti, A.; Gustavino, C.; Gyürky, G.; Imbriani, G.; Junker, M.; Kochanek, I.; Lugaro, M.; Marigo, P.; Menegazzo, R.; Mossa, V.; Pantaleo, F. R.; Paticchio, V.; Perrino, R.; Prati, P.; Schiavulli, L.; Stöckel, K.; Straniero, O.; Szücs, T.; Trezzi, D.; Zavatarelli, S.

The 22Ne(p,γ)23Na reaction, part of the neon-sodium cycle of hydrogen burning, may explain the observed anticorrelation between sodium and oxygen abundances in globular cluster stars. Its rate is controlled by a number of low-energy resonances and a slowly varying nonresonant component. Three new resonances at Ep=156.2, 189.5, and 259.7 keV have recently been observed and confirmed. However, significant uncertainty on the reaction rate remains due to the nonresonant process and to two suggested resonances at Ep=71 and 105 keV. Here, new 22Ne(p,γ)23Na data with high statistics and low background are reported. Stringent upper limits of 6×10−11 and 7×10−11  eV (90% confidence level), respectively, are placed on the two suggested resonances. In addition, the off-resonant S factor has been measured at unprecedented low energy, constraining the contributions from a subthreshold resonance and the direct capture process. As a result, at a temperature of 0.1 GK the error bar of the 22Ne(p,γ)23Na rate is now reduced by 3 orders of magnitude.

Keywords: asymptotic giant branch stars; nuclear astrophysics; LUNA Laboratory Underground for Nuclear Astrophysics; Hot Bottom Burning; Radiative Capture

Related publications


Publ.-Id: 27848