Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf


Limits of the circular economy: Fairphone modular design pushing the limits

Reuter, M. A.; Ballester, M.; van Schaik, A.

The limitations to materials flows from recycling in the circular economy are discussed using as a case a simulation-based analysis of the recyclability of the Fairphone 2. Three different recycling routes are analysed using simulation models that link the bill of materials and full material declarations to the final metal recovery via physical separation models. The recycling and recovery rates are depicted in an innovative recycling index and material flower that helps drive the discussion about the inevitable tradeoffs between the recyclability of different target materials and debunks the myth of a total recyclability of materials. Modular design is shown to have clear recycling as well as environmental advantages. This study is part of the SustainablySMART project.This project has received funding from the European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under grant agreement No 680640. © 2018 GDMB Gesellschaft fur Bergbau, Metallurgie, Rohstoff- und Umwelttechnik e.V. All rights reserved.

Keywords: Circular economy; Design for recycling; Fairphone; Recycling-index; Simulation

  • World of Metallurgy - Erzmetall 2(2018)71, 68-79
    ISSN: 1613-2394
  • Invited lecture (Conferences)
    Sustainable Minerals '18 - Towards a circular economy // MEI Conference, 14.-15.06.2018, Windhoek, Namibia

Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-27909
Publ.-Id: 27909