Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
Large-Scale Neural Solvers for Partial Differential Equations
Stiller, P.; Bethke, F.; Böhme, M.; Pausch, R.; Debus, A.; Torge, S.; Vorberger, J.; Bussmann, M.; Hoffmann, N.
Solving partial differential equations (PDE) is an indispensable part of many branches of science as many processes can be modelled in terms of PDEs. However, recent numerical solvers require manual discretization of the underlying equation as well as sophisticated, tailored code for distributed computing. Scanning the parameters of the underlying model significantly increases the runtime as the simulations have to be cold-started for each parameter configuration. Machine Learning based surrogate models denote promising ways for learning complex relationship among input, parameter and solution. However, recent generative neural networks require lots of training data, i.e. full simulation runs making them costly. In contrast, we examine the applicability of continuous, mesh-free neural solvers for partial differential equations, physics-informed neural networks (PINNs) solely requiring initial/boundary values and validation points for training but no simulation data. The induced curse of dimensionality is approached by learning a domain decomposition that steers the number of neurons per unit volume and significantly improves runtime. Distributed training on large-scale cluster systems also promises great utilization of large quantities of GPUs which we assess by a comprehensive evaluation study. Finally, we discuss the accuracy of GatedPINN with respect to analytical solutions- as well as state-of-the-art numerical solvers, such as spectral solvers.
Keywords: PDE solving; Physics-informed Neural Networks; Machine Learning; HPC
Contribution to proceedings
SMC 2020: Driving Scientific and Engineering Discoveries Through the Convergence of HPC, Big Data and AI pp, 26.-28.08.2020, Virtual Conference, Virtual Conference
Driving Scientific and Engineering Discoveries Through the Convergence of HPC, Big Data and AI: Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2020, 978-3-030-63393-6