Interactions of the S-layer protein of the uranium waste pile isolate Bacillus Sphaericus SG A12 with metals

Interactions of the S-layer protein of the uranium waste pile isolate Bacillus Sphaericus SG A12 with metals

Raff, J.; Wahl, R.; Mertig, M.; Selenska-Pobell, S.; Pompe, W.

Bacteria in uranium waste piles are of special interest for bioremediation, because they are adapted to the high concentrations of radionuclides and heavy metals which occur in those environments. A large number of Bacillus strains was recovered from the uranium mining waste pile "Haberland" near the town of Johanngeorgenstadt in Saxony, Germany. One isolate, Bacillus sphaericus JG-A 12, possesses a surface layer protein with a molecular weight of 135 kDa [1]. Sequence analyses of this protein show that its primary structure differs significantly from those described for the B. sphaericus strains 2362, P-1 and CCM 2177 (EMBL Ac. Nos. M28361, A45814 and AF211170, respectively). However, the B. sphaericus JG-A 12 S-layer protein shares the N-terminal surface layer homology domain with the S-layer protein of B. stearothermophilus PV 72 p2 [2].
Fig. 1: TEM micrograph of the negatively stained na-tive surface layer, isolated from the uranium waste pile isolate Bacillus sphae-ricus JG-A 12.
Additionally one can see fragments of the bacterial flagellum (see the arrow).

The S-layer of B. sphaericus JG-A 12 has a p4 symmetry with a lattice constant of 12.5 nm [1]. S-layers may interact with different metal ions by forming metal clusters [3; 4; 5; 6]. We have demonstrated that the treatment of the native S-layer sheets of B. sphaericus JG-A 12 with Pt- or Pd-salt solutions leads to metal nanocluster formation. The latter is of great interest for the nanotechnology.
Vegetative cells and spores of B. sphaericus JG-A 12 are selectively accumulating large amounts of U, Pb, Cd, Cu and Al from the highly polluted drain waters of the above mentioned waste pile [7]. Using a sol-gel-process we have prepared a nanoscale bio-ceramic, which contains intact bacterial cells or extracted S-layer proteins. First results on heavy metal binding properties of this bio-ceramic will be presented.
[1] Raff, J. et al. (1999) 99TH General Meeting of the American Society for Microbiology,
May 30 - June 3, 1999, Chicago, Illinois, USA, J-12, p. 398
[2] Engelhardt, H. et al. (1998) Journal of Structural Biology 124, 276-302
[3] Brown A. D. et al. (1998) FEMS Microbiology Ecology 26, 297-310
[4] Diluweit, S. et al. (1998) Supramolecular Science 5, 15-19
[5] Pompe W. et al. (1999) Zeitschrift für Metallkunde 90 (12), 1085-1091
[6] Shenton W. et al. (1997) Nature 389, 585-587

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    Biotechnology 2000, Berlin

Publ.-Id: 3416