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Cleaning influence on p-GaN surfaces for photocathodes with negative electron affinity

Schaber, J.; Xiang, R.; Arnold, A.; Murcek, P.; Zwartek, P.; Ryzhov, A.; Ma, S.; Gatzmaga, S.

Achieving an atomically clean surface is an important step to improving the quality of semiconductor photocathodes, but it is a challenging requirement for surface treatment [1]. In order to understand the surface during the cleaning, the cesium deposition, and the storage of the photocathode, the use of an x-ray photoelectron spectrometer (XPS) is needed. The XPS probes the electronic structure of the p-doped gallium nitride (GaN) photocathode after each step of the preparation process. Using energies between 1200-0 eV the core levels of Ga, N, O, C and Cs are monitored.

Keywords: GaN photocathode; cesium deposition; quantum efficiency; photocathode degradation

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Publ.-Id: 35463