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Activation calculations of selected RPV internal components for optimal decommissioning of nuclear power plants

Rachamin, R.; Konheiser, J.; Seidl, M.

In this study, the specific activities of selected RPV components’ segments (such as the RPV, core barrel, etc.) of a German PWR were calculated with a novel method based on the combined use of two Monte-Carlo codes, MCNP6.2 and FLUKA2021. In the first step, the MCNP6.2 code was used to calculate the neutron fluence rate characteristics (spectrum, distribution, and current entering the segment surfaces) in the studied segment using a 3D detailed reactor model. The neutron fluence rate prediction capability of the MCNP6.2 model has been validated via metal foil-activation measurements carried out in two German PWRs. The validation studies showed that the MCNP6.2 model is reliable and suitable for evaluating the neutron radiation field in the reactor for the ensuing activation calculations. In the second step, the FLUKA2021 code was used to calculate the specific activity distribution in the studied segment using a 3D exact model of the segment and complex source terms built based on the neutron fluence rate parameters calculated using the MCNP6.2 code. The results of the calculations were obtained with great accuracy and evidenced that the used method can serve as a powerful and non-destructive tool for the radiological characterization of the RPV and its internals.

Keywords: German PWR; Decommissioning; Neutron fluence; Activation; MCNP; FLUKA

  • Open Access Logo Lecture (Conference)
    15th workshop on Shielding aspects of Accelerators, Targets, and Irradiation Facilities (SATIF-15), 20.-23.09.2022, East Lansing, USA
  • Open Access Logo Contribution to proceedings
    15th workshop on Shielding aspects of Accelerators, Targets, and Irradiation Facilities (SATIF-15), 20.-23.09.2022, East Lansing, USA

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Permalink: https://www.hzdr.de/publications/Publ-35542
Publ.-Id: 35542