Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf

Optimization of the Extended Gate Field-Effect Transistor-Based Biosensing Platform for the Detection of Biomolecular Interactions

Janićijević, Ž.; Nguyen Le, T. A.; Žilėnaitė, R.; Kubeil, M.; Bachmann, M.; Baraban, L.

Electrochemical biosensors are broadly applied to diverse diagnostic procedures, including many assays for the detection of therapeutic agents. Especially in theranostic applications, a controlled and cost-effective setting before entering the stage of in vivo trials is of crucial importance. However, to reach this goal, the performance of electrochemical biosensing platforms still should be improved in terms of stability and reliability. Multiplexing is a practical approach for improving biosensing performance by enabling simultaneous sensing of different analytes, accurate differential measurements, and robust measurement statistics. Biosensing devices based on field-effect transistors (FETs) are already widely used for electrical label-free detection of different biological and chemical analytes. Relying on the concept of the extended gate (EG) as an ultrasensitive and cost-effective sensing element, the EG electrode array can be integrated within a single chip while individual electrodes can be modified to target specific analytes or act as control sensing points. EG array coupled with a reusable FET transducer opens the
possibility for multiplexed analyte sensing when supported with appropriate control and measurement electronics. Typical EG FET-based platforms do not focus on multiplexing and rely on external modules such as specialized instruments for electrical measurements.

We are developing a standalone multiplexed EG FET-based sensing platform with customized electronics enabling FET operation in constant charge mode for simplified signal readout and employing a common reference electrode for all measurement points. Interactions at the EG electrode surface are detected as a shift in voltage response between the source terminal of the FET and the reference electrode. Our platform aims to detect different analytes which are relevant for cancer theranostics such as cytokines, chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, and bispidine-based chelators used in positron emission tomography (PET) of cancer. Prerequisites for the emulation and detection of delicate biochemical interactions are careful optimization of the electrode surface functionalization process and stability of the voltage response between the extended gate and reference electrodes. Therefore, we present an optimization approach focusing on the pre-conditioning and functionalization of the EG gold electrode surface for the detection of biomolecular interactions also including the customized affordable reference electrode preparation for voltage response stability.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    2022 IEEE 12th International Conference “Nanomaterials: Applications & Properties” (IEEE NAP-2022), 11.-16.09.2022, Kraków, Poland

Publ.-Id: 36413