Publications Repository - Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf
Detection of SARS-CoV-2 Antigens and Antibodies Using OFET Biosensors based on Soft and Strechable Semiconducting Polymer
Ditte, K.; Nguyen Le, T. A.; Ditzer, O.; Sandoval Bojorquez, D. I.; Chae, S.; Bachmann, M.; Baraban, L.; Lissel, F.
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, adaptive solutions are needed to allow us to make fast decisions and take effective sanitation measures, e.g., the fast screening of large groups (employees, passengers, pupils, etc.). Although being reliable, most of the existing SARS-CoV-2 detection methods, like polymerase chain reaction or paper-based immunosensors, lack the ability integrated into garments to be used on demand.
Here, we report – at the proof-of-concept level – an organic field-effect transistor (OFET)-based biosensing device detecting of both SARS-CoV-2 antigens and anti-SARS-CoV-2 antibodies in less than 20 min. The biosensor was produced by functionalizing an intrinsically stretchable and semiconducting triblock copolymer (TBC) film either with the anti-S1 protein antibodies (S1 Abs) or receptor-binding domain (RBD) of the S1 protein, targeting CoV-2-specific RBDs and anti-S1 Abs, respectively. The obtained sensing platform is easy to realize due to the straightforward solution-based fabrication of the TBC film and the utilization of the reliable physical adsorption technique for the molecular immobilization. The device demonstrates a high sensitivity of about 19%/dec and a limit of detection (LOD) of 0.36 fg/mL for anti-SARS-Cov-2 antibodies and, at the same time, a sensitivity of 32%/dec and a LOD of 76.61 pg/mL for the virus antigen detection. The TBC used as active layer is soft, has a low modulus of 24 MPa, and can be stretched up to 90% with no crack formation of the film. With proper transfer to a stretchable-flexible substrate, the presented concept offers the possibility to realize stretchable biosensors, which might allow the fabrication of wearable platforms for on-the-fly detections of biomolecules to aid reducing – and eventually stopping – the spread of COVID-19 and future pandemics.
European Materials Research Society Spring 2022 Meeting, 30.05.-03.06.2022, Virtual, Virtual