Interaction of antiferromagnetic domain walls with crystal defects

Interaction of antiferromagnetic domain walls with crystal defects

Pylypovskyi, O.; Tomilo, A.; Hedrich, N.; Wagner, K.; Shields, B. J.; Kosub, T.; Hübner, R.; Faßbender, J.; Sheka, D. D.; Maletinsky, P.; Makarov, D.

Understanding behavior of magnetic texture in antiferromagnetic nanostructures and thin films is crucial for the design of novel magnetic data storage and logic devices. Here, we derive the boundary conditions for the Néel vector in a two-sublattice antiferromagnet (AFM) and apply them to describe the shape of the domain walls [1,2] and skyrmions [2] in confined samples. In general, the surface of a 3D domain wall behaves as an elastic ribbon which bends in response on the topographic features of the single crystal Cr2 O3 [1]. In presence of the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction, topologically non-trivial AFM textures possess broadening near the surface. In thin films, the sample’s granularity becomes crucial. We present a model of a granular AFM and, by comparison with Nitrogen Vacancy magnetometry of 200-nm-thick Cr2O3 films, estimate the inter-grain exchange strength. The grain boundaries act as strong pinning sites for the AFM texture. [1] N. Hedrich et al., Nat. Phys. 17, 574 (2021); [2] O. Pylypovskyi et al., Phys. Rev. B 103, 134413 (2021).

Keywords: antiferromagnetism; boundary; granular media

  • Lecture (Conference)
    DPG Meeting of the Condensed Matter Section: Magnetism Division, 26.-31.03.2023, Dresden, Germany

Publ.-Id: 36859