Semiconducting Conjugated Coordination Polymer with High Charge Mobility Enabled by “4 + 2” Phenyl Ligands

Semiconducting Conjugated Coordination Polymer with High Charge Mobility Enabled by “4 + 2” Phenyl Ligands

Huang, X.; Fu, S.; Lin, C.; Lu, Y.; Wang, M.; Zhang, P.; Huang, C.; Li, Z.; Liao, Z.; Zou, Y.; Li, J.; Zhou, S.; Helm, M.; Petkov, P. S.; Heine, T.; Bonn, M.; Wang, H. I.; Feng, X.; Dong, R.

Electrically conductive coordination polymers and metal–organic frameworks are attractive emerging electroactive materials for (opto-)electronics. However, developing semiconducting coordination polymers with high charge carrier mobility for devices remains a major challenge, urgently requiring the rational design of ligands and topological networks with desired electronic structures. Herein, we demonstrate a strategy for synthesizing high-mobility semiconducting conjugated coordination polymers (c-CPs) utilizing novel conjugated ligands with D2h symmetry, namely, “4 + 2” phenyl ligands. Compared with the conventional phenyl ligands with C6h symmetry, the reduced symmetry of the “4 + 2” ligands leads to anisotropic coordination in the formation of c-CPs. Consequently, we successfully achieve a single-crystalline three-dimensional (3D) c-CP Cu4DHTTB (DHTTB = 2,5-dihydroxy-1,3,4,6-tetrathiolbenzene), containing orthogonal ribbon-like π–d conjugated chains rather than 2D conjugated layers. DFT calculation suggests that the resulting Cu4DHTTB exhibits a small band gap (∼0.2 eV), strongly dispersive energy bands near the Fermi level with a low electron-hole reduced effective mass (∼0.2m0*). Furthermore, the four-probe method reveals a semiconducting behavior with a decent conductivity of 0.2 S/cm. Thermopower measurement suggests that it is a p-type semiconductor. Ultrafast terahertz photoconductivity measurements confirm Cu4DHTTB’s semiconducting nature and demonstrate the Drude-type transport with high charge carrier mobilities up to 88 ± 15 cm2 V–1 s–1, outperforming the conductive 3D coordination polymers reported till date. This molecular design strategy for constructing high-mobility semiconducting c-CPs lays the foundation for achieving high-performance c-CP-based (opto-)electronics.


  • Secondary publication expected from 20.01.2024

Publ.-Id: 36873