Nachrechnung von mittelskaligen Experimenten zum Kriechbruchversagen von Druckbehältern


Nachrechnung von mittelskaligen Experimenten zum Kriechbruchversagen von Druckbehältern

Altstadt, E.; Willschütz, H.-G.

For calculations of Lower Head Failure experiments like FOREVER (performed at the Royal Institute of Technology, Stockholm) it is necessary to model the melt pool convection and the temperature field within the vessel as well as creep and plasticity processes. Therefore a 2D Finite Element Model is developed based on the code ANSYS®. The CFD module is used to calculate the thermodynamics. The resulting temperature field of the vessel wall is applied to the mechanical model. To describe the visco-plastic deformation a numerical creep data base (CDB) is developed where the creep strain rate is evaluated in dependence on the current total strain, temperature and equivalent stress. In this way the use of a single creep law, which employs constants derived from the data for a limited stress and temperature range, is avoided. For an evaluation of the failure times a damage model according to an approach of Lemaitre is applied.
After post-test calculations for the FOREVER-C2 experiment, pre-test calculations for the forthcoming experiments are performed. Taking into account both - experimental and numerical results - gives a good opportunity to improve the simulation and understanding of real accident scenarios. After analyzing the results of the calculations, it seems to be advantageous to provide a vessel support, which can unburden the vessel from a part of the mechanical load and, therefore, avoid the vessel failure or at least prolong the time to failure. This can be a possible accident mitigation strategy. Additionally, it may be advantageous to install a passive automatic control device to initiate the flooding of the reactor pit to ensure external vessel cooling in the event of a core melt down.

  • Lecture (Conference)
    2. Workshop "Kompetenzverbund Kerntechnik" vom 18. - 19. 09. 2002 in Köln, Tagungsband, Vortrag Nr. 13
  • Contribution to proceedings
    2. Workshop "Kompetenzverbund Kerntechnik" vom 18. - 19. 09. 2002 in Köln, Tagungsband, Vortrag Nr. 13

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Publ.-Id: 4827