Foto: Program "From Matter to Materials and Life" ©Copyright: BengsPhysics and Materials Science with Ion Beams

Matter > From Matter to Materials and Life - All Topics

Foto: High Energy Ion Implantation ©Copyright: HZDR/Matthias RietschelOne cannot imagine research and industry without ion beams. They have become indispensable, whether it be for the surface treatment of materials (e.g. exhaust turbochargers, machine tools, medical implants), the creation of functional films in solar cells, or electronic components for micro, opto, and high power electronics (e.g. transistors, semiconductor detectors, light emitting diodes, high power switches). In close cooperation with our Helmholtz Institute Freiberg for Resource Technology (HIF) and with the help of ion beams, the HZDR scientists are also able to analyze mineral raw materials and to evaluate them for their usability in the exploitation of scarce elements (e.g. rare earths).

In contrast to light rays (electromagnetic waves), ion beams are electrically charged particle beams. An applied voltage can accelerate these particles up to a specific velocity (energy) which then allows them to penetrate solid materials. Depending on the particle mass and energy, thin films are produced and/or the properties of materials changed. In case of very high energies – at an accelerating voltage of more than 1 million volts – and with very light particles, e.g. protons, it is also possible to analyze the depth resolved composition of thin films. The creation of such ion beams requires large accelerator facilities which are made available by the HZDR’s Ion Beam Center to users from around the globe.

The topic "Physics and Materials Research with Ion Beams" is jointly investigated by the HZDR and the GSI Helmholzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung (Helmholtz Center for Heavy Ion Research) in Darmstadt.

Press Releases

Involved HZDR institutes




  • Domingo-Pardo, C.; Babiano-Suarez, V.; Balibrea-Correa, J. et al.
    Advances and new ideas for neutron-capture astrophysics experiments at CERN n_TOF
    European Physical Journal A 59(2023), 8 (10.1140/epja/s10050-022-00876-7)
  • Turkat, S.; Bemmerer, D.; Boeltzig, A. et al.
    A new ultra low-level HPGe activity counting setup in the Felsenkeller shallow-underground laboratory
    Astroparticle Physics 148(2023), 102816 (10.1016/j.astropartphys.2023.102816)
  • Vít, J.; Repček, D.; Kadlec, C. et al.
    Search for nonlinear THz absorption by electromagnons in multiferroic hexaferrites
    Journal of the Physical Society of Japan 91(2022), 104703 (10.7566/JPSJ.91.104703)
  • Waniganeththi, S.; Hoff, D. E. M.; Rogers, A. M. et al.
    Establishing the ground-state spin of 71Kr
    Physical Review C 106(2022)4, 044317 (10.1103/PhysRevC.106.044317)
  • Burcher, S.; Chipps, K. A.; Hughes, R. O. et al.
    Developing the 32S(p, d)31S*(p) reaction to probe the 30P(p, γ)31S reaction rate in classical novae
    Physical Review C 105(2022)4, 045805 (10.1103/PhysRevC.105.045805)
  • Gong, Z.; Bulanov, S. S.; Toncian, T. et al.
    Energy-chirp compensation of laser-driven ion beams enabled by structured targets
    Physical Review Research 4(2022), L042031 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.L042031)
  • Abou Yassine, R.; Adamczewski-Musch, J.; Asal, C. et al.
    New results on light nuclei, hyperons and hypernuclei from HADES
    European Physical Journal Web of Conferences 271(2022), 08004 (10.1051/epjconf/202227108004)
  • Abou Yassine, R.; Adamczewski-Musch, J.; Asal, C. et al.
    Measurement of global polarization of Λ hyperons in few-GeV heavy-ion collisions
    Physics Letters B 835(2022), 137506 (10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137506)
  • Marx-Glowna, B.; Grabiger, B.; Lötzsch, R. et al.
    Scanning high-sensitive x-ray polarization microscopy
    New Journal of Physics 24(2022), 053051 (10.1088/1367-2630/ac6e80)
  • Zöllner, R.; Kämpfer, B.
    Exotic Cores with and without Dark-Matter Admixtures in Compact Stars
    Astronomy 1(2022)1, 36-48 (10.3390/astronomy1010005)
  • Franchino-Vinas, S.
    Resummed heat-kernel and form factors for surface contributions: Dirichlet semitransparent boundary conditions
    Journal of Physics A 56(2023), 115202 (10.1088/1751-8121/acbd26)
  • Franchino-Vinas, S.; Relancio, J. J.
    Geometrizing the Klein–Gordon and Dirac equations in Doubly Special Relativity
    Classical and Quantum Gravity 40(2023), 054001 (10.1088/1361-6382/acb4d4)
  • Schuster, A. K.; Voigt, K.; Klemmed, B. et al.
    Recovery of Release Cloud from Laser Shock-Loaded Graphite and Hydrocarbon Targets: In Search of Diamonds
    Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics 56(2022), 025301 (10.1088/1361-6463/ac99e8)
  • Frentz, B.; Aprahamian, A.; Boeltzig, A. et al.
    Investigation of the ¹⁴N(p,γ)¹⁵O reaction and its impact on the CNO cycle
    Physical Review C 106(2022), 065803 (10.1103/PhysRevC.106.065803)
  • Plaza, J.; Martínez, T.; Bécares, V. et al.
    Thermal neutron background at Laboratorio Subterráneo de Canfranc (LSC)
    Astroparticle Physics 146(2023), 102793 (10.1016/j.astropartphys.2022.102793)
  • Aliotta, M.; Boeltzig, A.; Depalo, R. et al.
    Exploring Stars in Underground Laboratories: Challenges and Solutions
    Annual Review of Nuclear and Particle Science 72(2022), 177-204 (10.1146/annurev-nucl-110221-103625)
  • Vande Kolk, B.; Macon, K. T.; Deboer, R. J. et al.
    Investigation of the ¹⁰B(p,α)⁷Be reaction from 0.8 to 2.0 MeV
    Physical Review C 105(2022), 055802 (10.1103/PhysRevC.105.055802)
  • Ananna, C.; Barile, F.; Boeltzig, A. et al.
    Underground Measurements of Nuclear Reaction Cross-Sections Relevant to AGB Stars
    Universe 8(2022)1, 4 (10.3390/universe8010004)
  • Reinhoffer, C.; Pilch, P.; Reinold, A. et al.
    High-order nonlinear terahertz probing of the two-band superconductor MgB2: Third- and fifth-order harmonic generation
    Physical Review B 106(2022), 214514 (10.1103/PhysRevB.106.214514)
  • Pizzi, F.; Mamatsashvili, G.; Barker, A. J. et al.
    Interplay between geostrophic vortices and inertial waves in precession-driven turbulence
    Physics of Fluids 34(2022)12 (10.1063/5.0131035)
  • Raii, O.; Mintert, F.; Burgarth, D.
    Scalable quantum control and non-Abelian anyon creation in the Kitaev honeycomb model
    Physical Review A 106(2022), 062401-062401 (10.1103/PhysRevA.106.062401)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Franchino-Vinas, S.; Manzo, L. et al.
    Local Neumann semitransparent layers: Resummation, pair production, and duality
    Physical Review D 106(2022), 105022 (10.1103/PhysRevD.106.105022)
  • Zhao, H.; Knolle, J.; Moessner, R. et al.
    Suppression of Interband Heating for Random Driving
    Physical Review Letters 129(2022), 120605-120605 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.120605)
  • Zhu, Y. R.; Joseph, D.; Ling, C. et al.
    Iterative quantum optimization with an adaptive problem Hamiltonian for the shortest vector problem
    Physical Review A 106(2022), 22435-22435 (10.1103/PhysRevA.106.022435)
  • Garcia Gonzalez, F.; Ogbonna, J. E.; Giesecke, A. et al.
    High dimensional tori and chaotic and intermittent transients in magnetohydrodynamic Couette flows
    Communications in Nonlinear Science and Numerical Simulation 118(2023), 107030 (10.1016/j.cnsns.2022.107030)
  • Germanskiy, S.; Dantas, R. M. A.; Kovalev, S. et al.
    Ellipticity control of terahertz high-harmonic generation in a Dirac semimetal
    Physical Review B 106(2022), 081127 (10.1103/PhysRevB.106.L081127)
  • Kumar, V.; Pizzi, F.; Giesecke, A. et al.
    The effect of nutation angle on the flow inside a precessing cylinder and its dynamo action
    Physics of Fluids 35(2023), 014114 (10.1063/5.0134562)
  • Deinert, J.-C.; Kovalev, S.; Gensch, M.
    Die Suche nach Terahertz-Materialien
    Physik in unserer Zeit 54(2023)2, 93-97 (10.1002/piuz.202301656)
  • Ogbonna, J. E.; Garcia Gonzalez, F.; Gundrum, T. et al.
    Dynamic transitions of the magnetized spherical Couette flow between its base state and the return flow instability
    IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering 1223(2022), 012004 (10.1088/1757-899X/1223/1/012004)
  • Adamczewski-Musch, J.; Arnold, O.; Behnke, C. et al.
    Impact of the Coulomb field on charged-pion spectra in few-GeV heavy-ion collisions
    European Physical Journal A 58(2022)9, 166 (10.1140/epja/s10050-022-00796-6)
  • Held, L.; Mamatsashvili, G.
    MRI turbulence in accretion discs at large magnetic Prandtl numbers
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 517(2022)2, 2309-2330 (10.1093/mnras/stac2656)
  • Ding, M.; Roberts, C. D.; Schmidt, S. M.
    Emergence of Hadron Mass and Structure
    Particles 1(2023)6, 50-120 (10.3390/particles6010004)
  • Kolisnyk, D.; Schaller, G.
    Performance boost of a collective qutrit refrigerator
    Physical Review Applied 19(2023), 034023 (10.1103/PhysRevApplied.19.034023)
  • Tielrooij, K. J.; Principi, A.; Saleta Reig, D. et al.
    Milliwatt terahertz harmonic generation from topological insulator metamaterials
    Light: Science and Applications 11(2022), 315 (10.1038/s41377-022-01008-y)
  • Takabe, H.; Kuramitsu, Y.
    Recent progress of laboratory astrophysics with intense lasers
    High Power Laser Science and Engineering 9(2021), e49 (10.1017/hpl.2021.35)
  • Hospodková, A.; Čížek, J.; Hájek, F. et al.
    Relation between Ga vacancies, photoluminescence and growth conditions of MOVPE prepared GaN layers
    Materials 15(2022)19, 6916 (10.3390/ma15196916)
  • Deinert, J.-C.; Kovalev, S.; Gensch, M.
    Vorstoß in die Terahertz-Lücke
    Physik in unserer Zeit 54(2023)1, 12-17 (10.1002/piuz.202201652)
  • Orrigo, S. E. A.; Tain, J. L.; Mont-Geli, N. et al.
    Long-term evolution of the neutron rate at the Canfranc Underground Laboratory
    European Physical Journal C 82(2022), 814 (10.1140/epjc/s10052-022-10755-6)
  • Wilbert, M.; Giesecke, A.; Grauer, R.
    Numerical investigation of the flow inside a precession driven cylindrical cavity with additional baffles using an Immersed Boundary Method
    Physics of Fluids 34(2022), 096607 (10.1063/5.0110153)
  • Edwards, J. P.; González-Domínguez, V. A.; Huet, I. et al.
    Resummation for quantum propagators in bounded spaces
    Physical Review E 105(2022)6, 064132 (10.1103/PhysRevE.105.064132)
  • Chiabrera, F.; Baiutti, F.; Börgers, J. M. et al.
    The impact of Mn nonstoichiometry on the oxygen mass transport properties of La0.8Sr0.2MnyO3±δ thin films
    Journal of Physics: Energy 4(2022), 044011 (10.1088/2515-7655/ac98df)
  • Horstmann, G. M.; Mamatsashvili, G.; Giesecke, A. et al.
    Tidally Forced Planetary Waves in the Tachocline of Solar-like Stars
    Astrophysical Journal 944(2023)48 (10.3847/1538-4357/aca278)
  • Jüstel, P.; Röhrborn, S.; Eckert, S. et al.
    Synchronizing the helicity of Rayleigh-Bénard convection by a tide-like electromagnetic forcing
    Physics of Fluids 34(2022)10, 104115 (10.1063/5.0114035)
  • Lütgert, B. J.; Bethkenhagen, M.; Bachmann, B. et al.
    Platform for Probing Radiation Transport Properties of Hydrogen at Conditions Found in the Deep Interiors of Red Dwarfs
    Physics of Plasmas 29(2022), 083301 (10.1063/5.0094579)
  • He, Z.; Rödel, M.; Lütgert, J. et al.
    Diamond formation kinetics in shock-compressed C-H-O samples recorded by small-angle X-ray scattering and X-ray diffraction
    Science Advances 8(2022), eabo0617 (10.1126/sciadv.abo0617)
  • Morgenbesser, M.; Viernstein, A.; Schmid, A. et al.
    Unravelling the Origin of Ultra-Low Conductivity in SrTiO3 Thin Films: Sr Vacancies and Ti on A-Sites Cause Fermi Level Pinning
    Advanced Functional Materials 32(2022)38, 2202226 (10.1002/adfm.202202226)
  • Hensel, T.; Weinberger, D.; Bemmerer, D. et al.
    Comprehensive study of silicon photomultiplier based readout of the large plastic scintillator based neutron detector NeuLAND
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 1048(2023), 167972 (10.1016/j.nima.2022.167972)
  • Ceravolo, S.; Colao, F.; Diociaiuti, E. et al.
    Design and qualification of the Mu2e electromagnetic calorimeter electronic system
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 1047(2023), 167875 (10.1016/j.nima.2022.167875)
  • Grosse, E.; Junghans, A.
    Broken axial symmetry as essential feature for a consistent modelling of various observables in heavy nuclei
    Physics Letters B 833(2022), 137328 (10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137328)
  • Kim, H.; Chancey, M. R.; Chung, T. et al.
    Interface effect of Fe and Fe2O3 on the distributions of ion induced defects
    Journal of Applied Physics 132(2022), 105901 (10.1063/5.0095013)
  • Chu, H.; Kovalev, S.; Xiao Wang, Z. et al.
    Fano interference between collective modes in cuprate high-Tc superconductors
    Nature Communications 14(2023), 1343 (10.1038/s41467-023-36787-4)
  • Naik, H.; Kim, G. N.; Schwengner, R. et al.
    Photo-neutron cross-section of nat-Gd in the bremsstrahlung end-point energies of 12 - 16 MeV and 60 - 70 MeV
    European Physical Journal A 58(2022), 92 (10.1140/epja/s10050-022-00736-4)
  • Weik, D.; Grüter, L.; Räbiger, D. et al.
    Ultrasound Localization Microscopy in Liquid Metal Flows
    Applied Sciences 12(2022)9, 4517 (10.3390/app12094517)
  • Dornheim, T.; Tolias, P.; Moldabekov, Z. et al.
    Effective electronic forces and potentials from ab initio path integral Monte Carlo simulations
    Journal of Chemical Physics 156(2022), 244113 (10.1063/5.0097768)
  • Dornheim, T.; Vorberger, J.; Moldabekov, Z. et al.
    Spin-resolved density response of the warm dense electron gas
    Physical Review Research 4(2022), 033018 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.033018)
  • Shizuma, T.; Endo, S.; Kimura, A. et al.
    Low-lying dipole strength distribution in 204Pb
    Physical Review C 106(2022), 044326 (10.1103/PhysRevC.106.044326)
  • Schulze, K. S.; Grabiger, B.; Loetzsch, R. et al.
    Towards perfectly linearly polarized x-rays
    Physical Review Research 4(2022), 013220 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.013220)
  • Savran, D.; Isaak, J.; Schwengner, R. et al.
    Model-independent determination of the dipole response of 66Zn using quasimonoenergetic and linearly polarized photon beams
    Physical Review C 106(2022), 044324 (10.1103/PhysRevC.106.044324)
  • Boillos, J. M.; Cortina-Gil, D.; Benlliure, J. et al.
    Isotopic cross sections of fragmentation residues produced by light projectiles on carbon near 400A MeV
    Physical Review C 105(2022), 014611-1-014611-13 (10.1103/PhysRevC.105.014611)
  • Siller, V.; Carlos Gonzalez-Rosillo, J.; Nuñez Eroles, M. et al.
    Nanoscaled LiMn2O4 for extended cycling stability in the 3 V plateau
    ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces 14(2022)29, 33438-33446 (10.1021/acsami.2c10798)
  • Moreno-Soto, J.; Valenta, S.; Berthoumieux, E. et al.
    Constraints on the dipole photon strength for the odd uranium isotopes
    Physical Review C 105(2022), 024618 (10.1103/PhysRevC.105.024618)
  • Böhme, M.; Moldabekov, Z.; Vorberger, J. et al.
    Electronic Density Response of Warm Dense Hydrogen: Ab initio Path Integral Monte Carlo Simulations
    Physical Review Letters 129(2022), 066402 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.066402)
  • Laso García, A.; Hannasch, A.; Molodtsova, M. et al.
    Calorimeter with Bayesian unfolding of spectra of high-flux broadband X-rays
    Review of Scientific Instruments 93(2022)4, 043102 (10.1063/5.0078443)
  • Fletcher, L. B.; Vorberger, J.; Schumaker, W. et al.
    Electron-ion temperature relaxation in warm dense hydrogen observed with picosecond resolved X-ray scattering
    Frontiers in Physics 10(2022), 838524 (10.3389/fphy.2022.838524)
  • Cui, Z.-F.; Binosi, D.; Roberts, C. D. et al.
    Pauli Radius of the Proton
    Chinese Physics Letters 38(2021)12, 121401 (10.1088/0256-307X/38/12/121401)
  • Schmidt, S. M.; Cui, Z.-F.; Binosi, D. et al.
    Pion charge radius from pion and electron elastic scattering data
    Physics Letters B 822(2021), 136631 (10.1016/j.physletb.2021.136631)
  • Schmidt, S. M.; Cui, Z.-F.; Roberts, C. D. et al.
    Fresh Extraction of the Proton Charge Radius from Electron Scattering
    Physical Review Letters 127(2021)9, 092001 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.127.092001)
  • Gao, F.; Ding, M.; Liu, Y. et al.
    A correspondence between the free and interacting field theories
    European Physical Journal C 83(2023), 144 (10.1140/epjc/s10052-023-11278-4)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Paul Geller, M.; König, J. et al.
    Quantum Zeno Manipulation of Quantum Dots
    Physical Review Research 4(2022), L032045 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.4.L032045)
  • Schützhold, R.; Rätzel, D.
    Decay of quantum sensitivity due to three-body loss in Bose-Einstein condensates
    Physical Review A 103(2021)6, 063321 (10.1103/PhysRevA.103.063321)
  • Auguste, R.; Chan, H. L.; Romanovskaia, E. et al.
    A multimodal approach to revisiting oxidation defects in Cr2O3
    npj Materials Degradation 6(2022), 61 (10.1038/s41529-022-00269-7)
  • Zhang, J.; Qin, R.; Zhu, W. et al.
    Energy relaxation and electron-phonon coupling in laser-excited metals
    Materials 15(2022)5, 1902 (10.3390/ma15051902)
  • Guoa, R. J.; Wang, S. Y.; Schwengner, R. et al.
    Lifetime measurements in 80Br and a new region for observation of chiral electromagnetic selection rule
    Physics Letters B 833(2022), 137344 (10.1016/j.physletb.2022.137344)
  • Hwang, H.; Kim, T.; Cynn, H. et al.
    X-ray Free Electron Laser-Induced Synthesis of ε-Iron Nitride at High Pressures
    Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters 12(2021)12, 3246-3252 (10.1021/acs.jpclett.1c00150)
  • Liermann, H. P.; Konôpková, Z.; Appel, K. et al.
    Novel experimental setup for megahertz X-ray diffraction in a diamond anvil cell at the High Energy Density (HED) instrument of the European X-ray Free-Electron Laser (EuXFEL)
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 28(2021), 688-706 (10.1107/S1600577521002551)
  • Chen, Y.-Y.; Hatsagortsyan, K. Z.; Keitel, C. H. et al.
    Electron spin- and photon polarization-resolved probabilities of strong-field QED processes
    Physical Review D 105(2022)11, e116013 (10.1103/PhysRevD.105.116013)
  • Sévelin-Radiguet, N.; Torchio, R.; Berruyer, G. et al.
    Towards a dynamic compression facility at the ESRF
    Journal of Synchrotron Radiation 29(2022), 167-179 (10.1107/S1600577521011632)
  • Zwirner, L.; S. Emran, M.; Schindler, F. et al.
    Dynamics and length scales in vertical convection of liquid metals
    Journal of Fluid Mechanics 929(2022), A9 (10.1017/jfm.2021.977)
  • Li, M.-T.; An, H.-H.; Hu, G.-Y. et al.
    Experimental investigations of hard x-ray source produced by picosecond laser-irradiated solid target
    Physics of Plasmas 29(2022)1, 013107-1-013107-11 (10.1063/5.0064541)
  • Schindler, F.; Eckert, S.; Zürner, T. et al.
    Collapse of Coherent Large Scale Flow in Strongly Turbulent Liquid Metal Convection
    Physical Review Letters 128(2022)16, 164501 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.128.164501)
  • Huang, L.; Molodtsova, M.; Ferrari, A. et al.
    Dynamics of hot refluxing electrons in ultra-short relativistic laser foil interactions
    Physics of Plasmas 29(2022), 023102 (10.1063/5.0077222)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Balli, F. M.; Lopez-Arcos, C. et al.
    Color-kinematics duality from the Bern-Kosower formalism
    Physical Review D 104(2021), L041702 (10.1103/PhysRevD.104.L041702)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Balli, F. M.; Lopez-Arcos, C. et al.
    Color-kinematics duality from the Bern-Kosower formalism
    Physical Review D 104(2021), L041702 (10.1103/PhysRevD.104.L041702)
  • Röhrborn, S.; Jüstel, P.; Galindo, V. et al.
    Numerical simulation of tidal synchronization of the Large-Scale Circulation in Rayleigh-Bénard Convection with aspect ratio 1
    Magnetohydrodynamics 58(2022)3, 285-292 (10.22364/mhd.58.3.5)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Balli, F. M.; Corradini, O. et al.
    Manifest colour-kinematics duality and double-copy in the string-based formalism
    Nuclear Physics B 975(2022), 115690 (10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2022.115690)
  • Röhrborn, S.; Jüstel, P.; Galindo, V. et al.
    Analyzing a modulated electromagnetic m=2 forcing and its capability to synchronize the Large Scale Circulation in a Rayleigh-Bénard cell of aspect ratio Г = 1
    Magnetohydrodynamics 58(2022)1/2 (10.22364/mhd.58.1-2.20)
  • Ahmadiniaz, N.; Banda Guzman, V. M.; Bastianelli, F. et al.
    Worldline master formulas for the dressed electron propagato, part 2: on-shell amplitudes
    Journal of High Energy Physics 01(2022), 50 (10.1007/JHEP01(2022)050)
  • Kohlfürst, C.; Ahmadiniaz, N.; Oertel, J. et al.
    Sauter-Schwinger effect for colliding laser pulses
    Physical Review Letters 129(2022)24, 241801 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.241801)
  • Xue, K.; Guo, R.-T.; Wan, F. et al.
    Generation of arbitrarily polarized GeV lepton beams via nonlinear Breit-Wheeler process
    Fundamental Research 2(2022)4, 539-545 (10.1016/j.fmre.2021.11.022)
  • Dai, Y.-N.; Shen, B.-F.; Li, J.-X. et al.
    Photon polarization effects in polarized electron-positron pair production in a strong laser field
    Matter and Radiation at Extremes 7(2022), 014401 (10.1063/5.0063633)
  • Rinderknecht, H. G.; Wang, T.; Laso García, A. et al.
    Relativistically transparent magnetic filaments: scaling laws, initial results and prospects for strong-field QED studies
    New Journal of Physics 23(2021), 095009 (10.1088/1367-2630/ac22e7)
  • Hallam, S.; Lotay, G.; Gade, A. et al.
    Exploiting Isospin Symmetry to Study the Role of Isomers in Stellar Environments
    Physical Review Letters 126(2021)4, 042701-1-042701-6 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.126.042701)
  • He, Y.; Blackburn, T.; Toncian, Toma et al.
    Dominance of gamma-gamma electron-positron pair creation in a plasma driven by high-intensity lasers
    Communications Physics 4(2021), 139 (10.1038/s42005-021-00636-x)
  • Abramowicz, H.; Hernandez Acosta, U.; Altarelli, M. et al.
    Conceptual design report for the LUXE experiment
    European Physical Journal - Special Topics 230(2021), 2445-2560 (10.1140/epjs/s11734-021-00249-z)
  • Danevich, F. A.; Hult, M.; Junghans, A. et al.
    New limits on double-beta decay of 190Pt and 198Pt
    European Physical Journal C 82(2022), 29 (10.1140/epjc/s10052-022-09989-1)
  • Maitrallain, A.; Brunetti, E.; Streeter, M. et al.
    Parametric study of high-energy ring-shaped electron beams from a laser wakefield accelerator
    New Journal of Physics 24(2022), 013017 (10.1088/1367-2630/ac3efd)
  • Sander, S.; Ebert, T.; Hartnagel, D. et al.
    Microstructured layered targets for improved laser-induced x-ray backlighters
    Physical Review E 104(2021)6 (10.1103/PhysRevE.104.065207)
  • Cristoforetti, G.; Hüller, S.; Koester, P. et al.
    Observation and modelling of stimulated Raman scattering driven by an optically smoothed laser beam in experimental conditions relevant for shock ignition
    High Power Laser Science and Engineering 10(2021)e60, 1-19 (10.1017/hpl.2021.48)
  • Cui, Z.-F.; Ding, M.; Morgado, J. M. et al.
    Emergence of pion parton distributions
    Physical Review D 105(2022), L091502 (10.1103/PhysRevD.105.L091502)
  • Cui, Z.-F.; Ding, M.; Morgado, J. M. et al.
    Concerning pion parton distributions
    European Physical Journal A 58(2022), 10 (10.1140/epja/s10050-021-00658-7)
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