Foto: Program "Matter and Technologies" ©Copyright: BengsAccelerator Research and Development

Matter > Matter and Technologies - All Topics

Foto: ELBE-Zentrum für Hochleistungs-Strahlenquellen ©Copyright: HZDR/Frank BierstedtModern accelerator facilities and systems represent a decisive technology of the future. They are indispensable when it comes to answering the major questions of our time. Today, accelerator systems are not only used in fundamental research, but also for innovations in materials research, bio and nano sciences, active ingredients research, and medical applications such as cancer therapy. The development of innovative accelerators is already today and also continues to be in the future a driving force for the exploration of new high tech fields. The Helmholtz Association's research centers in Hamburg, Darmstadt, Berlin, Jülich, Karlsruhe and Dresden have now joined forces to optimally use their synergies in this sector. In addition, an important task of the cooperation partners revolves around the education and training of young scientists.

Already today, the research facility ELBE – which is based on a superconducting electron linear accelerator operated by the HZDR – permits the acceleration of ultrashort electron bunches in a quality which allows scientists to conduct significantly more and better experiments within a shorter period of time than with comparable, normal conducting accelerators. Within the scope of the research topic “Accelerator Research and Development,” which is also a Helmholtz portfolio topic, methods for electron beam diagnostics on superconducting accelerators are to be optimized further so that it will be possible to operate light sources with improved properties. Other research topics include, for example, innovative particle sources, electron-photon interactions, and ultrashort particle bunches as well as innovative concepts for circular accelerators and accelerators with ultrahigh gradients.

Press Releases

Involved HZDR institutes




  • Hannasch, A.; Laso García, A.; La Berge, M. et al.
    Compact spectroscopy of keV to MeV X-rays from a laser wakefield accelerator
    Scientific Reports 11(2021), 14368 (10.1038/s41598-021-93689-5)
  • Kurz, T.; Heinemann, T.; Gilljohann, M. F. et al.
    Demonstration of a compact plasma accelerator powered by laser-accelerated electron beams
    Nature Communications 12(2021)1, 2895 (10.1038/s41467-021-23000-7)
  • Ziegler, T.; Albach, D.; Bernert, C. et al.
    Proton beam quality enhancement by spectral phase control of a PW-class laser system
    Scientific Reports 11(2021)1, 7338 (10.1038/s41598-021-86547-x)
  • Albert, F.; Couprie, M.-E.; Debus, A. et al.
    2020 Roadmap on Plasma Accelerators
    New Journal of Physics 23(2021)3, 031101 (10.1088/1367-2630/abcc62)
  • Kiriyama, H.; Pirozhkov, A. S.; Nishiuchi, M. et al.
    Petawatt Femtosecond Laser Pulses from Titanium-Doped Sapphire Crystal
    Crystals 10(2020), 783 (10.3390/cryst10090783)
  • Dover, N. P.; Nishiuchia, M.; Sakaki, H. et al.
    Demonstration of repetitive energetic proton generation by ultra-intense laser interaction with a tape target
    High Energy Density Physics 37(2020), 100847 (10.1016/j.hedp.2020.100847)
  • Nishiuchi, M.; Dover, N.; Hata, M. et al.
    Dynamics of laser-driven heavy-ion acceleration clarified by ion charge states
    Physical Review Research 2(2020), 033081 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.033081)
  • Curry, C. B.; Schoenwaelder, C.; Goede, S. et al.
    Cryogenic Liquid Jets for High Repetition Rate Discovery Science
    Journal of Visualized Experiments 159(2020), e61130 (10.3791/61130)
  • Fan, X.; Naumann, L.; Siebold, M. et al.
    A UV laser test facility for precise measurement of gas parameters in gaseous detectors
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 988(2021), 164929 (10.1016/j.nima.2020.164929)
  • Levy, D.; Bernert, C.; Rehwald, M. et al.
    Laser-plasma proton acceleration with a combined gas-foil target
    New Journal of Physics 22(2020), 103068 (10.1088/1367-2630/abbf6d)
  • Raj, G.; Kononenko, O.; Gilljohann, M. F. F. et al.
    Probing ultrafast magnetic-field generation by current filamentation instability in femtosecond relativistic laser-matter interactions
    Physical Review Research 2(2020), 023123 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.023123)
  • Brümmer, T.; Debus, A.; Pausch, R. et al.
    Design study for a compact laser-driven source for medical x-ray fluorescence imaging
    Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 23(2020), 031601 (10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.23.031601)
  • Bellandi, A.; Butkowski, Ł.; Dursun, B. et al.
    Online Detuning Computation and Quench Detection for Superconducting Resonators
    IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 68(2021)4, 385-393 (10.1109/TNS.2021.3067598)
  • Gümüş, Ç.; Hierholzer, M.; Kuntzsch, M. et al.
    MicroTCA.4 based low level RF for continuous wave mode operation at the ELBE accelerator
    IEEE Transactions on Nuclear Science 68(2021)9, 2326-2333 (10.1109/TNS.2021.3096757)
  • Kondo, K.; Nishiuchi, M.; Sakaki, H. et al.
    High-Intensity Laser-Driven Oxygen Source from CW Laser-Heated Titanium Tape Targets
    Crystals 10 (9)(2020), 837 (10.3390/cryst10090837)
  • Teichert, J.; Arnold, A.; Ciovati, G. et al.
    Successful user operation of a superconducting radio-frequency photo electron gun with Mg cathodes at ELBE
    Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 24(2021), 033401 (10.1103/PhysRevAccelBeams.24.033401)
  • Kon, A.; Nishiuchi, M.; Kiriyama, H. et al.
    Single-Shot Measurement of Post-Pulse-GeneratedPre-Pulse in High-Power Laser Systems
    Crystals 10(2020)8, 657 (10.3390/cryst10080657)
  • Bock, S.; Marie Herrmann, F.; Püschel, T. et al.
    Characterization of Accumulated B-Integral of Regenerative Amplifier Based CPA Systems
    Crystals 10(2020)9, 847 (10.3390/cryst10090847)
  • Maier, A. R.; Kajumba, N.; Guggenmos, A. et al.
    Water-Window X-Ray Pulses from a Laser-Plasma Driven Undulator
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 5634 (10.1038/s41598-020-62401-4)
  • Turkat, S.; Hammer, S.; Masha, E. et al.
    Measurement of the 2H(p, γ)3He S-factor at 265 - 1094 keV
    Physical Review C 103(2021), 045805 (10.1103/PhysRevC.103.045805)
  • Lumpkin, A. H.; Laberge, M.; Rule, D. W. et al.
    Coherent Optical Signatures of Electron Microbunching in Laser-Driven Plasma Accelerators
    Physical Review Letters 125(2020), 014801 (10.1103/PhysRevLett.125.014801)
  • Mukharamova, N.; Lazarev, S.; Meijer, J.-M. et al.
    Femtosecond laser produced periodic plasma in a colloidal crystal probed by XFEL radiation
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 10780 (10.1038/s41598-020-67214-z)
  • Brack, F.-E.; Kroll, F.; Gaus, L. et al.
    Spectral and spatial shaping of laser-driven proton beams using a pulsed high-field magnet beamline
    Scientific Reports 10(2020), 9118 (10.1038/s41598-020-65775-7)
  • Carmesin, C. M.; Peter, K.; Enno, G. et al.
    Quantum and classical phase-space dynamics of a free-electron laser
    Physical Review Research 2(2020), 023027 (10.1103/PhysRevResearch.2.023027)
  • Huebl, A.; Rehwald, M.; Obst-Huebl, L. et al.
    Spectral Control via Multi-Species Effects in PW-Class Laser-Ion Acceleration
    Plasma Physics and Controlled Fusion 62(2020)12, 124003 (10.1088/1361-6587/abbe33)
  • Löser, M.; Bernet, C.; Albach, D. et al.
    Compact millijoule Yb³⁺:CaF₂ with 162fs pulses
    Optics Express 29(2021)6, 9199-9206 (10.1364/OE.418319)
  • Lu, P.; Arnold, A.; Teichert, J. et al.
    Simulation of ELBE SRF gun II for high-bunch-charge applications
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 830(2016), 536-544 (10.1016/j.nima.2016.05.087)
  • Xiang, R.; Arnold, A.; Kamps, T. et al.
    Experimental studies of dark current in a superconducting RF photo-injector
    Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams 17(2014)4, 043401 (10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.17.043401)
  • Teichert, J.; Arnold, A.; Büttig, H. et al.
    Free-Electron Laser Operation with a Superconducting Radio-Frequency Photoinjector at ELBE
    Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A 743(2014), 114-120 (10.1016/j.nima.2014.01.006)