Contact

Dr. Johannes Raff

Head Biogeochemistry
j.raffAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 2951

Department of Biogeochemistry


Research

In the environment physical, chemical and biological processes influence the migration behavior of long-lived radionuclides (RN). In the biosphere mainly prokaryotic and eukaryotic microorganisms are involved in element cycles and the mobilization or immobilization of many radioactive and non-radioactive elements. Furthermore, their physiology and biochemistry are optimized to allow them to live and survive in almost all environments existing on earth even over long periods of time. Besides that, the interaction of radionuclides with microbes and higher organisms determine the fate of the radionuclides in nature and in the end their potential threat to human health. The aim of the research in the Department of Biogeochemistry is to identify dominating processes in the ecosphere including the food chain, to understand the biochemistry of the processes on a molecular level and to estimate their relevance for the radionuclide migration and transfer not only in nature but also in an engineered subsurface e.g. a deep-geological repository for radioactive waste. Beside the fundamental research it is also intended to generate thermodynamic data to improve the safety assessment modelling.


Current research topics

Working fields of the departement of biogeochemistry at the Institute of Resource Ecology (EN) ©Copyright: Dr. Matschiavelli, Nicole
  • Determination of the microbial diversity in water and soil environments contaminated with heavy metals and radionuclides as well as in different host rocks for potential radioactive waste disposals
  • Microbe-radionuclide-interactions with reference strains and isolates
  • Interaction of eukaryotic cells with radionuclides and lanthanides in particular with plants, fungi, sponges and algae
  • Investigation of the interaction of selected bioligands and model compounds with f-elements
  • Characterization of microbial processes affecting the conditions in deep geological repositories for radioactive waste (e.g. transformation of bentonite as barrier material)
  • Calculation and determination of the metal speciation relevant to the environment
  • Verification and validation of transport models
  • Characterization of particles in the environment relevant to the transport of radionuclides
  • Investigation of the transport processes of radionuclides by particles (including microbes) in natural water

Experimental methods

  • Spectroscopy: LIFS (TRLFS, LIPAS); continuous wave fluorescence spectroscopy, UV-vis-NIR, XAS, Raman, ATR-FT-IR, NMR
  • Molecular biology (DNA extraction, PCR, Sanger sequencing, Next Generation Sequencing, heterologous expression of proteins)
  • Aerobic and anaerobic lab-scale cultivation of microorganisms in bioreactors (1-50 L)
  • Plant cell cultivation
  • Cell disruption in small and large volumes (mixer mill, ultra-sonic disruption, bead ruptor, high pressure homogenizer)
  • Microscopy: CLSM, REM, TEM, AFM, light and fluorescence microscopy
  • Chromatography: HPLC, FPLC
  • Protein biochemistry (isolation and characterization)

Projects

  • MIND, EU project, grant agreement No 661880, duration 01.06.2015 – 31.05.2019
  • BioVeStRa, BMBF support code 02S9276A, duration 01.06.2016-31.05.2019
  • CONCERT: European Joint Programme for the Integration of Radiation Protection Research; EC-Project grant agreement No 662287, duration 2015 -2020
  • TransAqua, BMBF support code 02NUK030F, duration 01.06.2013-30.11.2017
  • UMB project, BMWI support code 02E11344B, duration 01.04.2015-31.12.2017
  • BioNEWS, BMBF support code 03WKCL03F, duration 01.01.2015-31.12.2017
  • TRANS-LARA, BMBF support code 02NUK051B, duration 01.09.2017-28.02.2021
  • iCROSS, HGF/BMBF support codes SO-093 and 02NUK053B, duration 01.07.2018-30.06.2021
  • RadoNorm: Towards effective radiation protection based on improved scientific evidence and social considerations - focus on radon and NORM; EC Project, grant agreement No. 900009, 01.09.2020-31.08.2025

Staff

For more information, move the cursor over the images or click the persons image!

FWOB Katrin Flemming Dr. Susanne Sachs Dr. Andrea Cherkouk Jenny Jessat Stephan Hilpmann Dr. Evelyn Krawczyk-Bärsch Dr. Alix Günther Dr. Nicole Matschiavelli Dr. Poulami Mandal Dr. Henry Moll Sindy Kluge Björn Drobot Magdalena Dressler Dr. Warren John Vladyslav Sushko Sylvia Heller Dr. Johannes Raff

Head

NameBld./Office+49 351 260Email
Raff Dr., Johannes801/P3142951
j.raffAthzdr.de

Employees

NameBld./Office+49 351 260Email
Cherkouk Dr., Andrea801/P3562989
a.cherkoukAthzdr.de
Drobot Dr., Björn801/P3182759
b.drobotAthzdr.de
Fankhänel, Tobiast.fankhaenelAthzdr.de
Flemming, Katrin801/P3092958
k.flemmingAthzdr.de
Günther Dr., Alix801/P2562433
2522
a.guentherAthzdr.de
Hilpmann, Stephan801/P3062860
s.hilpmannAthzdr.de
Jessat, Jenny801/P2052438
j.jessatAthzdr.de
John Dr., Warren801/P3063241
w.johnAthzdr.de
Kluge, Sindy801/P2193194
s.klugeAthzdr.de
Krawczyk-Bärsch Dr., Evelyn801/P2522076
e.krawczyk-baerschAthzdr.de
Mandal Dr., Poulami801/P3063241
p.mandalAthzdr.de
Matschiavelli Dr., Nicole801/P3063241
n.matschiavelliAthzdr.de
Moll Dr., Henry801/P2562433
2549
h.mollAthzdr.de
Sachs Dr., Susanne801/P2082436
s.sachsAthzdr.de
Seibt, Jana801/P2193194
2510
j.seibtAthzdr.de
Sushko, Vladyslav801/P3062860
v.sushkoAthzdr.de
Wei Dr., Ting-Shyangt.weiAthzdr.de



Contact

Dr. Johannes Raff

Head Biogeochemistry
j.raffAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 2951