Contact

Prof. Dr. Thorsten Stumpf
Director Institute of Resource Ecology
t.stumpf@hzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 3210
Fax: +49 351 260 - 3553

Dr. Nina Maria Huittinen
Surface Processes
n.huittinenAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 2148

Lecture: Radioecology

The Radioecology lecture is part of the module "Umwelt- und Radiochemie". Lecture topics on environmental radioactivity deal with e.g. sources of radionuclides in the environment, factors influencing radionuclide migration and uptake in food chains and our ecosystems, sampling and pre-treatment of environmental samples, radionuclide separation methods and specific counting techniques for low-level samples. In addition, examples on how radioecology is present in every-day life are given. A short outline of the course is given below.

Content of the lecture

  1. Formation of Earth and the elements
  2. Natural radioactivity
    • Primordial radionuclides
    • Cosmic radiation
    • NORM
  3. Anthropogenic radionuclides
    • Sources
    • Fission products
    • Transuranium elements
  4. Radionuclide transport pathways
    • Atmospheric deposition
    • Radionuclide uptake in plants
    • Radionuclide uptake in animals and humans – the food chains
  5. Mobility of radionuclides in the environment
    • Radionuclide speciation in aqueous solution
    • Radionuclide interactions with interfaces
    • Formation of solid phases
  6. Impact of microorganisms on radionuclide mobility in the environment
    • Interaction of radionuclides with microorganisms
    • Environmental effects of the radionuclide-microbe interaction
    • Effects of radionuclides on biology
    • Radionuclide contamination in the environment - bioremediation
  7. Environmental samples and their radiochemical separation methods
    • Special aspects of radionuclide chemistry
    • Collection and pretreatment of environmental samples
  8. Separation methods
    • Precipitation
    • Ion exchange
    • Solvent extraction
    • Extraction chromatography
  9. Measurement of environmental samples
    • Radioanalytical methods
    • Mass spectrometric methods
  10. Radioecology in everyday life
    • Age determination
    • Environmental processes
    • Forensic science

Lecture notes

At the appropriate time of the course, a number of supporting slides are available as PDF files.

  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 1 (6.4.2017, 2.5 MB)
  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 2 (18.4.2017, 3.5 MB)
  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 3 (19.4.2017, 4.8 MB)
  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 4 (28.4.2017, 3.0 MB)
  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 5 (8.5.2017, 3.0 MB)
  • Dr. N. Huittinen: Part 6 (11.5.2017, 2.8 MB)

The lecture scripts of the past years are also available for further self-study.

  • Dr. C. Franzen: Part 1-5, (13.04.2016, 14.2 MB)
  • Dr. C. Franzen: Part 6-8, (08.06.2016, 9,1 MB)
  • Dr. C. Franzen: Part 9-10, (16.06.2016, 5,8 MB)
  • Dr. C. Franzen: Part 11, (06.07.2016, 3,7 MB)
  • Prof. G. Bernhard: Part 1-6, (04.03.2013, 6,8 MB)
  • Prof. G. Bernhard: Part 7-12, (04.03.2013, 6,3 MB)
  • Dr. M. Schmidt: Part 1-5, (16.05.2014, 24,5 MB)

Exam dates

The dates of the oral examination are from 19th to 21th of July 2017.

Certificate of achievement

Master studies in Chemistry (MA-CH-MRBO 10) see Modul "Umwelt- und Radiochemie"
Other courses:

  • Certificate of participation with grading after oral examination or
  • Certificate of participation only.

Schedule

The lecture will take place in the summer semester starting Thursday the 6th of April from 9.20 to 10.50 a.m. in room CHE/182/P, Chemie Neubau, Bergstraße.

Course literature

  • Kratz, Lieser: "Nuclear and Radiochemistry"
  • Choppin, Rydberg, Liljenzin: "Radiochemistry and Nuclear Chemistry"
  • Atwood: "Radionuclides in the Environment"
  • Poinssot, Geckeis: "Radionuclide behaviour in the natural environment"
  • Lehto, Hou: "Chemistry and Analysis of Radionuclides"


Contact

Prof. Dr. Thorsten Stumpf
Director Institute of Resource Ecology
t.stumpf@hzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 3210
Fax: +49 351 260 - 3553

Dr. Nina Maria Huittinen
Surface Processes
n.huittinenAthzdr.de
Phone: +49 351 260 - 2148