Magnonics: Spin waves bridging Spintronics and Photonics
Emmy Noether research group of Dr. Helmut Schultheiß
Dr. Nana Nishida
Dipl.-Phys. Kai Wagner
Within this project we investigate the fundamental connections between spin waves, spin polarized electrons and photons, combining the three recently emerged research directions of magnonics, spintronics and photonics. This research is driven by the demand for new concepts, technologies and materials for information processing since, on one side, electronics is reaching its physical limit of speed due to waste heat generation and, on the other side, photonics lacks fast, electronic control on small length scales. Spin waves, being the fundamental dynamic excitations of ferromagnets with frequencies in the gigahertz to terahertz regime, offer the unique opportunity to merge the best aspects of spintronics and photonics opening new pathways for information processing.
- time- and phase-resolved Brillouin light scattering microscopy(TR-µBLS)
- time-resolved magneto-optical Kerr microscopy (TR-µMOKE)
- all-optical pump-probe: femtosecond laser system
- microwave excitation: picosecond laser system
- electrical detection via the (inverse) spin Hall effect
- broadband ferromagnetic resonance (FMR) in combination with spin pumping experiments
Master and Bachelor Thesis Topics:
Interaction of spin waves and spin polarized currents
Using the spin degree of electrons and coherent transport of spin information is one of the grand challenges of condensed matter physics. Spin wave, which are also called magnons, are the fundamental exciation quanta of a ferromagnet and can interact with spin polarized currents. This interaction can be studied on a nanometer lengthscale using magneto-optical techniques such as Kerr-effect and Brillouin light scattering microscopy as well as electrical measurements based on the (inverse) spin Hall effect.
Plasmons are electromagnetic waves propagating along metal-dielectric interfaces. Plasmons as well as magnons are not only interesting from a physicists point of view but are also promising candidates for future information processing technologies superseeding conventional CMOS devices. During a master or bachelor thesis the candidate will invesigate the interaction between magnons and plasmons in metallic/ferromagnetic hybrid devices.
- K. Wagner, A. Kákay, K. Schultheiss, A. Henschke, T. Sebastian, and H. Schultheiss
"Magnetic domain walls as reconfigurable spin-wave nanochannels"
Nature Nanotechnology 11, 432 (2016), DOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2015.339
- M. Langer, K. Wagner, T. Sebastian, R. Hübner, J. Grenzer, Y. Wang, T. Kubota, T. Schneider, S. Stienen, J. Linder, K. Lenz, H. Schultheiss, J. Linder, K. Takanashi, R. Arias, J. Fassender
"Parameter-free determination of the exchange constant in thin films using magnonic patterning"
Appl. Phys. Lett. 108, 102402 (2016)
- T. Sebastian, K. Schultheiss, B. Obry, B. Hillebrands, and H. Schultheiss
"Micro-focused Brillouin light scattering: imaging spin waves at the nanoscale"
Front. Phys. 3, (2015)
- E. Montoya, T. Sebastian, H. Schultheiss, B. Heinrich, R. Camley, Z. Celinski
"Magnetization Dynamics", Book chapter in Magnetism of Surfaces, Interfaces and Nanoscale Materials, Elsevier (2016)
- K. Vogt, F.Y. Fradin, J.E. Pearson, T. Sebastian, S.D. Bader, B. Hillebrands, A. Hoffmann, and H. Schultheiss
“Realization of a spin-wave multiplexer”
Nature Comms. 5, 3727 (2014)
- A. Hassdenteufel, C. Schubert, B. Hebler, H. Schultheiss, J. Fassbender, M. Albrecht, and R. Bratschitsch
"All-optical helicity dependent magnetic switching in Tb-Fe thin films with a MHz laser oscillator"
Optics Express 22, 10017 (2014)
- A. Hoffmann, and H. Schultheiss
Curr. Opin. Solid State Mater. Sci. (2014)
- N. Tahir, R. Gieniusz, A. Maziewski, R. Bali, M.P. Kostylev, S. Wintz, H. Schultheiss, S. Facsko, K. Potzger, J. Lindner, and J. Fassbender
"Magnetization Reversal of Disorder-Induced Ferromagnetic Regions in Fe60Al40 Thin Films"
IEEE Transactions on Magnetics 50, 6101304 (2014)
Selected publications before 2014:
H. Schultheiss, J.E. Pearson, S.D. Bader, and A. Hoffmann,
“Thermoelectric detection of spin waves”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 109, 237204 (2012).
H. Schultheiss, K. Vogt, and B. Hillebrands,
“Direct observation of nonlinear four-magnon scattering in spin-wave microconduits”
Phys. Rev. B 86, 054414 (2012).
K. Vogt, H. Schultheiss, S. Jain, J.E. Pearson, A. Hoffmann, S.D. Bader, and B. Hillebrands,
“Spin waves turning a corner”
Appl. Phys. Lett. 101, 042410 (2012).
H. Schultheiss, X. Janssens, M. van Kampen, F. Ciubotaru, S. Hermsdoerfer, B. Obry, A. Laraoui, A.A. Serga, L. Lagae, A.N. Slavin, B. Leven, and B. Hillebrands,
“Direct current control of three magnon scattering processes in spin-valve nanocontacts”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 103, 157202 (2009).
H. Schultheiss, S. Schäfer, P. Candeloro, B. Leven, B. Hillebrands, and A.N. Slavin,
“Observation of coherence and partial decoherence of quantized spin waves in nano- scaled magnetic ring structures”
Phys. Rev. Lett. 100, 047204 (2008).